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Adsorption and Switching Properties of Azobenzene Derivatives on Different Noble Metal Surfaces: Au(111), Cu(111), and Au(100)

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Institut für Experimentalphysik, Freie Universität Berlin, Arnimallee 14, 14195 Berlin, Germany, CEMES-CNRS, 29 rue J. Marvig, P.O. Box 4347, F-31055 Toulouse Cedex, France, and Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Brook-Taylor-Straβe 2, 12489 Berlin, Germany
* Corresponding author. Address: Institut für Experimentalphysik, Freie Universität Berlin, Arnimallee 14, 14195 Berlin, Germany. Phone: +49 (0)30 8385 4575 (6039). Fax: +49 (0)30 8385 1355. E-mail: [email protected]
†Present address: Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley.
‡Present address: Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Research, Zurich, Switzerland.
§Present address: Qimonda GmbH, Dresden, Germany. ∥Freie Universität Berlin.⊥CEMES-CNRS.#Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
Cite this: J. Phys. Chem. C 2008, 112, 28, 10509–10514
Publication Date (Web):June 21, 2008
https://doi.org/10.1021/jp711134p
Copyright © 2008 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

    The adsorption and switching behavior of 3,3′,5,5′-tetra-tert-butylazobenzene (meta-TBA) are investigated by low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy on three different metal substrates: Au(111), Cu(111), and Au(100). The trans state is the most stable configuration after adsorption, displaying similar appearances in the STM images, independent of the substrate. However, the self-assembly and switching behavior is highly dependent on the chemistry and corrugation of the surface. On the Au(111) surface, the tip-induced isomerization is probed successfully and different driving mechanisms are characterized. The experimental images are in good agreement with calculated ones. However, the switching effect is completely suppressed on Cu(111) and Au(100).

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