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The Antifouling and Fouling-Release Perfomance of Hyperbranched Fluoropolymer (HBFP)−Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) Composite Coatings Evaluated by Adsorption of Biomacromolecules and the Green Fouling Alga Ulva

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Centre for Materials Innovation and Department of Chemistry, Washington University, One Brookings Drive, Saint Louis, Missouri 63130-4899 and School of Biosciences, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, United Kingdom
Cite this: Langmuir 2005, 21, 7, 3044–3053
Publication Date (Web):March 2, 2005
Copyright © 2005 American Chemical Society

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    Cross-linked hyperbranched fluoropolymer (HBFP) and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) amphiphilic networks with PEG weight percentages of 14% (HBFP−PEG14), 29% (HBFP−PEG29), 45% (HBFP−PEG45), and 55% (HBFP−PEG55) were prepared on 3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane (3-APS) functionalized microscope glass slides for marine antifouling and fouling-release applications. The surface-free energies (γs), polar (γsp and γsAB), and dispersion (γsd and γsLW) components were evaluated using advancing contact angles by two-liquid geometric-mean and three-liquid Lifshitz−van der Waals acid−base approaches. The HBFP coating exhibited a low surface energy of 22 mJ/m2, while the γs and γsp of the cross-linked HBFP−PEG coatings increased proportionally with the PEG weight percentages in the networks. The adsorption of bovine serum albumin (BSA), lectin from Codium fragile (CFL), lipopolysaccharides from Escherichia coli (LPSE) and Salmonella minnesota (LPSS) upon glass, APS-glass, HBFP, PEG, and the cross-linked HBFP−PEG network coatings were investigated by fluorescence microscopy. The marine antifouling and fouling-release properties of the cross-linked HBFP−PEG coatings were evaluated by settlement and release assays involving zoospores of green fouling alga Ulva (syn. Enteromorpha; Hayden, H. S.; Blomster, J.; Maggs, C. A.; Silva, P. C.; Stanhope, M. J.; Waaland, J. R. Eur. J. Phycol.2003, 38, 277). The growth and release of Ulva sporelings were also investigated upon the HBFP−PEG45 coating in comparison to a poly(dimethylsiloxane) elastomer (PDMSE) standard material. Of the heterogeneous cross-linked network coatings, the maximum resistances to protein, lipopolysaccharide, and Ulva zoospore adhesion, as well as the best zoospore and sporeling release properties, were recorded for the HBFP−PEG45 coating. This material also exhibited better performance than did a standard PDMSE coating, suggesting its unique applicability in fouling-resistance applications.

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     Washington University.

     The University of Birmingham.


     To whom correspondence should be sent. E-mail:  [email protected]; tel:  (314) 935-7136; fax # (314) 935-9844.

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