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Superhydrophobic and Lipophobic Properties of Self-Organized Honeycomb and Pincushion Structures

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Nanotechnology Research Center, Research Institute for Electronic Science, Hokkaido University, N21W10, Sapporo, 001-0021, Japan, Frontier Research System, Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN Institute), 1-12, Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama, 351-0198, Japan, Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (CREST), Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), 4-1-8, Honcho, Kawaguchi, Saitama, 332-0012, Japan, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, N10W8, Sapporo, 060-0810, Japan, and Core Research Initiative “Sousei”, Hokkaido University, N21W10, Sapporo, 001-0021, Japan
Cite this: Langmuir 2005, 21, 8, 3235–3237
Publication Date (Web):March 8, 2005
Copyright © 2005 American Chemical Society

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    This report describes the simple preparation of superhydrophobic and lipophobic surfaces by self-organization. Microporous polymer films of a fluorinated polymer with hexagonally arranged pores were prepared by casting from solution under humid conditions. Hexagonally packed water microdroplets were formed by evaporative cooling on the surface of the casting solution. After solvent evaporation, a honeycomb-patterned polymer film was formed with the water droplet array acting as a template; the water droplets themselves evaporated soon after the solvent. Two porous polymer layers were stacked vertically, separated by pillars at the hexagon vertexes. After peeling off the top layer using adhesive tape, a pincushion-like structure was obtained. Here, we show that superhydrophobic behavior was achieved, with the maximum contact angle, 170°, observed using these pincushion structures. Theoretical calculations fit the experimental results well. The lipophobic properties of the films are also discussed.

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     To whom correspondence should be addressed. Tel & Fax:  +81-11-706-9369. E-mail:  [email protected].

     Nanotechnology Research Center, Research Institute for Electronic Science, Hokkaido University.

     Frontier Research System, Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN Institute).


     Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University.

     Core Research Initiative “Sousei”, Hokkaido University

     Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (CREST), Japan Scince and Technology Agency (JST).

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    Experimental setup for preparation of honeycomb-patterned films; photo of a benzene droplet placed on the pincusion structure prepared from peeling the top layer of a honeycomb-patterned film. This material is available free of charge via the Internet at

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    Pair your accounts.

    Export articles to Mendeley

    Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

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