Importance of Electroosmotic Flow and Multiple Ionic Species on the Electrophoresis of a Rigid Sphere in a Charge-Regulated Zwitterionic Cylindrical Pore
The influence of electroosmotic flow (EOF) on the electrophoretic behavior of a particle is investigated by considering a rigid sphere in a charge-regulated, zwitterionic cylindrical pore filled with an aqueous solution containing multiple ionic species. This extends conventional analyses to a more general and realistic case. Taking a pore with pKa = 7 and pKb = 2 (point of zero charge is pH = 2.5) filled with an aqueous NaCl solution as an example, several interesting results are observed. For instance, if pH < 5.5, the particle mobility is influenced mainly by boundary effect, and is influenced by both EOF and boundary effects if pH ≥ 5.5. If pH is sufficiently high, the particle behavior is dominated by EOF, which might alter the direction of electrophoresis. The ratio of (pore radius/particle radius) influences not only the boundary effect, but also the strength of EOF. If the boundary effect is insignificant, the mobility varies roughly linearly with log(bulk salt concentration). These findings are of practical significance to both the interpretation of experimental data and the design of electrophoresis devices.
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