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Enhanced Mass Transport in Nanofluids

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Arizona State University, Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, Building ECG, Room 346, Tempe, Arizona 85287-6106
Intel Corporation, CH5-157, 5000 West Chandler Boulevard, Chandler, Arizona 85226-3699
Cite this: Nano Lett. 2006, 6, 3, 419–423
Publication Date (Web):February 7, 2006
Copyright © 2006 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract Image

    Thermal conductivity enhancement in nanofluids, which are liquids containing suspended nanoparticles, has been attributed to localized convection arising from the nanoparticles' Brownian motion. Because convection and mass transfer are similar processes, the objective here is to visualize dye diffusion in nanofluids. It is observed that dye diffuses faster in nanofluids compared to that in water, with a peak enhancement at a nanoparticle volume fraction, φ, of 0.5%. A possible change in the slope of thermal conductivity enhancement at that same φ signifies that convection becomes less important at higher φ. The enhanced mass transfer in nanofluids can be utilized to improve diffusion in microfluidic devices.


     Corresponding author. Tel:  (480)965-1625. Fax:  (480)965-1384. E-mail:  [email protected].

     Adjunct Professor, Arizona State University, Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering.

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