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Tunable Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Microstructure in the Liquid and Solid States Using Poly(acrylic acid)

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Department of Mechanical Engineering, Polymer Technology Center, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-3123
Cite this: Nano Lett. 2006, 6, 5, 911–915
Publication Date (Web):March 30, 2006
Copyright © 2006 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract Image

    Poly(acrylic acid) is shown to control the level of SWNT dispersion in aqueous mixtures and the state of dispersion in a solid composite. At low pH, PAA-stabilized suspensions containing 0.1 wt % SWNT have a waterlike viscosity, but this mixture thickens as the pH is raised. This behavior is reversed when pH is again lowered. Changing pH varies the SWNT microstructure between aggregated and well-exfoliated states, as evidenced by electron microscopy and electrical conductivity measurements.


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    A plot of viscosity as a function of shear rate, for a 1 wt % aqueous solution of poly(acrylic acid), is provided for comparison with Figure 2. The same pH values are used in both figures to allow direct comparison between PAA solutions with and without nanotubes. This material is available free of charge via the Internet at

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