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Graphene–Graphite Oxide Field-Effect Transistors

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Department of Applied Physics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, United States
Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Riverside, California 92521, United States
Solid State Institute, Department of Physics, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel
Cite this: Nano Lett. 2012, 12, 3, 1165–1169
Publication Date (Web):March 1, 2012
Copyright © 2012 American Chemical Society

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    Graphene’s high mobility and two-dimensional nature make it an attractive material for field-effect transistors. Previous efforts in this area have used bulk gate dielectric materials such as SiO2 or HfO2. In contrast, we have studied the use of an ultrathin layered material, graphene’s insulating analogue, graphite oxide. We have fabricated transistors comprising single or bilayer graphene channels, graphite oxide gate insulators, and metal top-gates. The graphite oxide layers show relatively minimal leakage at room temperature. The breakdown electric field of graphite oxide was found to be comparable to SiO2, typically ∼1–3 × 108 V/m, while its dielectric constant is slightly higher, κ ≈ 4.3.

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    Details of the low-temperature process used to for electron-beam lithography, an example of the graphite oxide changing color during the standard process, detailed temperature dependence of the leakage current, and a summary table of devices. This material is available free of charge via the Internet at

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