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Bacterial Recognition of Silicon Nanowire Arrays

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Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, United States
School of Mechanical and Advanced Materials Engineering, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, Ulsan 689-798, South Korea
§ Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749, South Korea
Cite this: Nano Lett. 2013, 13, 6, 2864–2869
Publication Date (Web):May 17, 2013
Copyright © 2013 American Chemical Society

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    Understanding how living cells interact with nanostructures is integral to a better understanding of the fundamental principles of biology and the development of next-generation biomedical/bioenergy devices. Recent studies have demonstrated that mammalian cells can recognize nanoscale topographies and respond to these structures. From this perspective, there is a growing recognition that nanostructures, along with their specific physicochemical properties, can also be used to regulate the responses and motions of bacterial cells. Here, by utilizing a well-defined silicon nanowire array platform and single-cell imaging, we present direct evidence that Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 can recognize nanoscale structures and that their swimming patterns and initial attachment locations are strongly influenced by the presence of nanowires on a surface. Analyses of bacterial trajectories revealed that MR-1 cells exhibited a confined diffusion mode in the presence of nanowires and showed preferential attachment to the nanowires, whereas a superdiffusion mode was observed in the absence of nanowires. These results demonstrate that nanoscale topography can affect bacterial movement and attachment and play an important role during the early stages of biofilm formation.

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