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Solid Nanotubes Comprising α-Fe2O3 Nanoparticles Prepared from Ferritin Protein

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Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-8555, Japan
PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi-shi, Saitama 332-0012, Japan
* Address correspondence to [email protected]
Cite this: ACS Nano 2010, 4, 3, 1732–1738
Publication Date (Web):February 18, 2010
Copyright © 2010 American Chemical Society

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    Solid nanotubes comprising α-Fe2O3 nanoparticles were prepared from iron-storage protein ferritin. Their structure, magnetic properties, and photocatalytic activities were characterized. The initial ferritin nanotube precursors were fabricated using alternating layer-by-layer depositions of poly-l-arginine (PLA) and ferritin into a track-etched polycarbonate membrane (pore diameter, 400 nm) with subsequent dissolution of the template. The obtained uniform cylinders of (PLA/ferritin)3 (outer diameter, 410 ± 14 nm) were calcinated at 500 °C under air, yielding reddish-brown iron oxide nanotubes. The one-dimensional hollow structure remained perfect, but its diameter, wall thickness, and maximum length were markedly diminished. Disappearance of the protein shell and the PLA layers were confirmed using IR and EDX spectroscopy. Subsequent SEM, TEM, and XPS measurements showed that the tubular walls comprise fine α-Fe2O3 nanoparticles with a 5 nm diameter. These α-Fe2O3 nanotubes demonstrated superparamagnetic properties with a blocking temperature of 37 K and efficient photocatalytic activity for degradation of 4-chlorophenol.

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    SEM image of α-Fe2O3 nanotubes after brief sonication (Figure S1), UV−vis absorption spectrum of α-Fe2O3 nanotubes in water (Figure S2). This material is available free of charge via the Internet at

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