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Interwall Friction and Sliding Behavior of Centimeters Long Double-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

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Beijing Key Laboratory of Green Chemical Reaction Engineering and Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Key Laboratory for the Physics and Chemistry of Nanodevices, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
§ Institute of Textiles and Clothing, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong 999077, China
Department of Chemistry and Center for Nano and Micro Mechanics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, United States
Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, California 94025, United States
Cite this: Nano Lett. 2016, 16, 2, 1367–1374
Publication Date (Web):January 19, 2016
Copyright © 2016 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract Image

    Here, we studied the interwall friction and sliding behaviors of double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWCNTs). The interwall friction shows a linear dependence on the pullout velocity of the inner wall. The axial curvature in DWCNTs causes the significant increase of the interwall friction. The axial curvature also affects the sliding behavior of the inner wall. Compared with the axial curvature, the opening ends of DWCNTs play tiny roles in their interwall friction.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b04820.

    • SEM image of ultralong CNTs grown on a silicon substrate with trenches on it; SEM image of suspended CNT decorated with TiO2 nanoparticles; experimental setup for manipulating individual CNTs and measuring the interwall friction; SEM image of fixing a suspended CNT onto a tungsten probe by depositing a layer of amorphous carbon on the contact area; process of pulling out the inner wall from the DWCNT with a silicon nanowire; transferring the extracted inner wall with a probe to the TEM grid; TEM image of a DWCNT; illustration of curvature radius of a curved CNT; variation of the relative vdW energy versus the sliding distance of an incommensurate bilayer graphene for different wall–wall distances (PDF)

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