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Energy Dissipation in Monolayer MoS2 Electronics

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† § ∥ Department of Electrical Engineering, Department of Chemistry, §Department of Materials Science and Engineering, and Precourt Institute for Energy, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, United States
Cite this: Nano Lett. 2017, 17, 6, 3429–3433
Publication Date (Web):April 7, 2017
Copyright © 2017 American Chemical Society

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    The advancement of nanoscale electronics has been limited by energy dissipation challenges for over a decade. Such limitations could be particularly severe for two-dimensional (2D) semiconductors integrated with flexible substrates or multilayered processors, both being critical thermal bottlenecks. To shed light into fundamental aspects of this problem, here we report the first direct measurement of spatially resolved temperature in functioning 2D monolayer MoS2 transistors. Using Raman thermometry, we simultaneously obtain temperature maps of the device channel and its substrate. This differential measurement reveals the thermal boundary conductance of the MoS2 interface with SiO2 (14 ± 4 MW m–2 K–1) is an order magnitude larger than previously thought, yet near the low end of known solid–solid interfaces. Our study also reveals unexpected insight into nonuniformities of the MoS2 transistors (small bilayer regions) which do not cause significant self-heating, suggesting that such semiconductors are less sensitive to inhomogeneity than expected. These results provide key insights into energy dissipation of 2D semiconductors and pave the way for the future design of energy-efficient 2D electronics.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b00252.

    • Electrical contact resistance; temperature maps of exfoliated 1L MoS2 devices; nontemperature related Raman peak shifts; corrections for stage drift; temperature-dependent Raman spectroscopy of monolayer MoS2; SThM; temperature estimates at 1L-2L junctions; thermal analysis and modeling; molecular dynamics (MD) simulations; MoS2 oxidation (PDF)

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