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Fluorine Functionalized Graphene Nano Platelets for Highly Stable Inverted Perovskite Solar Cells

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Department of Energy Engineering, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), Ulsan 44919, South Korea
Department of Chemical Engineering, Wonkwang University, Iksan, 54538, South Korea
§ KIER-UNIST Advanced Center for Energy, Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER), Ulsan 44919, South Korea
*E-mail: [email protected] (J. Y. Kim).
*E-mail: [email protected] (D. S. Kim).
Cite this: Nano Lett. 2017, 17, 10, 6385–6390
Publication Date (Web):September 12, 2017
Copyright © 2017 American Chemical Society

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    Edged-selectively fluorine (F) functionalized graphene nanoplatelets (EFGnPs-F) with a p–i–n structure of perovskite solar cells achieved 82% stability relative to initial performance over 30 days of air exposure without encapsulation. The enhanced stability stems from F-substitution on EFGnPs; fluorocarbons such as polytetrafluoroethylene are well-known for their superhydrophobic properties and being impervious to chemical degradation. These hydrophobic moieties tightly protect perovskite layers from air degradation. To directly compare the effect of similar hydrophilic graphene layers, edge-selectively hydrogen functionalized graphene nanoplatelet (EFGnPs-H) treated devices were tested under the same conditions. Like the pristine MAPbI3 perovskite devices, EFGnPs-H treated devices were completely degraded after 10 days. The hydrophobic properties of EFGnPs-F were characterized by contact angle measurement. The test results showed great water repellency compared to pristine perovskite films or EFGnPs-H coated films. This resulted in highly air-stable p–i–n perovskite solar cells.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b03225.

    • A detailed images of the devices, SEM images with EFGnPs-F concentration, the device stability with various concentrations of EFGnPs-F, EQE data of each device, FET result of EFGnPs-H and EFGnPs-F, device performance with forward and reverse scan, and JMPP and VMPP (PDF)

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