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In-Plane Thermoelectric Properties of Flexible and Room-Temperature-Doped Carbon Nanotube Films

  • Kony Chatterjee
    Kony Chatterjee
    Department of Textile Engineering, Chemistry and Science, Wilson College of Textiles, North Carolina State University, 1020 Main Campus Drive, Raleigh, North Carolina 27606, United States
  • Ankit Negi
    Ankit Negi
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, North Carolina State University, 911 Oval Drive, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, United States
    More by Ankit Negi
  • Kyunghoon Kim
    Kyunghoon Kim
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, North Carolina State University, 911 Oval Drive, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, United States
  • Jun Liu*
    Jun Liu
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, North Carolina State University, 911 Oval Drive, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, United States
    *Email: [email protected]
    More by Jun Liu
  • , and 
  • Tushar K. Ghosh*
    Tushar K. Ghosh
    Department of Textile Engineering, Chemistry and Science, Wilson College of Textiles, North Carolina State University, 1020 Main Campus Drive, Raleigh, North Carolina 27606, United States
    *Email: [email protected]
Cite this: ACS Appl. Energy Mater. 2020, 3, 7, 6929–6936
Publication Date (Web):June 29, 2020
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsaem.0c00995
Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    Soft materials with high power factors (PFs) and low thermal conductivity (κ) are critically important for integration of thermoelectric (TE) modules into flexible form factors for energy harvesting or cooling applications. Here, air stable p- and n-type multiwalled carbon nanotube films with high PFs (up to 521 μW/m K2) are reported, with n-type doping carried out in a facile two-step process. The maximum figures of merit (ZTs) of p-type and n-type CNTs are obtained as 0.019 and 0.015 at 300 K, respectively, with all three transport properties—Seebeck coefficient, electrical conductivity, and κ—measured in-plane, providing a more accurate ZT. Using time-domain thermoreflectance, we report a fast and non-contact measurement of κ without complex microfabrication or material processing. Moreover, there is no material mismatch between the p- and n-type legs of the TE module. Such materials have the potential for widespread applications in inexpensive and scalable wearable energy harvesting and localized heating/cooling.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge at https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsaem.0c00995.

    • Seebeck coefficient evaluation setup; SEM images at 10,000× magnification of p and n-type MWCNT films; thickness of MWCNT films as a function of PEI; summary table of TE properties of p and n-type MWCNT films; and comparison of this work with other reported works (PDF)

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    Cited By

    This article is cited by 20 publications.

    1. Ankit Negi, Liang Yan, Cong Yang, Yeonju Yu, Doyun Kim, Subhrangsu Mukherjee, Andrew H. Comstock, Saqlain Raza, Ziqi Wang, Dali Sun, Harald Ade, Qing Tu, Wei You, Jun Liu. Anomalous Correlation between Thermal Conductivity and Elastic Modulus in Two-Dimensional Hybrid Metal Halide Perovskites. ACS Nano 2024, Article ASAP.
    2. Shinichi Hata, Fumiya Kitano, Hiroki Ihara, Toru Murayama, Yukou Du, Yukihide Shiraishi, Naoki Toshima. Long-Alkyl-Chain Phosphonium Surfactant Molecular Wrapping to Block Oxygen Impurities in n-Type Carbon Nanotubes for Thermoelectric Applications. ACS Applied Engineering Materials 2023, 1 (3) , 894-900. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsaenm.2c00264
    3. Shinichi Hata, Kanto Maeshiro, Misaki Shiraishi, Yukou Du, Yukihide Shiraishi, Naoki Toshima. Surfactant-Wrapped n-Type Organic Thermoelectric Carbon Nanotubes for Long-Term Air Stability and Power Characteristics. ACS Applied Electronic Materials 2022, 4 (3) , 1153-1162. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsaelm.1c01256
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    7. Shinichi Hata, Kanto Maeshiro, Misaki Shiraishi, Soichiro Yasuda, Yuta Shiozaki, Koudai Kametani, Yukou Du, Yukihide Shiraishi, Naoki Toshima. Water‐resistant organic thermoelectric generator with >10 μW output. Carbon Energy 2023, 5 (4) https://doi.org/10.1002/cey2.285
    8. Jia Liang, Ruopeng Cui, Xuefei Zhang, Kunihito Koumoto, Chunlei Wan. Polymer/Carbon Composites with Versatile Interfacial Interactions for High Performance Carbon‐Based Thermoelectrics: Principles and Applications. Advanced Functional Materials 2023, 33 (9) https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.202208813
    9. Shinichi Hata, Huynh Le Thu Thao, Hiroki Ihara, Yukou Du, Yukihide Shiraishi, Naoki Toshima. n-Type thermoelectric behavior in oxyethylene surfactant/carbon nanotubes. Energy Advances 2023, 2 (1) , 86-90. https://doi.org/10.1039/D2YA00226D
    10. Shinichi Hata, Riku Nakata, Soichiro Yasuda, Hiroki Ihara, Yukou Du, Yukihide Shiraishi, Naoki Toshima. Cu-ion-induced n- to p-type switching in organic thermoelectric polyazacycloalkane/carbon nanotubes. Materials Advances 2022, 3 (1) , 373-380. https://doi.org/10.1039/D1MA00871D
    11. Kony Chatterjee, Shuzhen Wei, Tushar Ghosh. Smart textiles through bio-inspired innovation. 2022, 291-335. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-821053-6.00020-5
    12. Nishant Chaudhary, Ajay Singh, Mainak Roy, Virendra Kumar, Bhanu Pratap Singh, S.R. Dhakate, P. Jha, Dhruva Bhattacharjee. Surface Modification of Multiwalled Carbon Nano-Tubes Network Through High Energy Electron Beam and its Implications on Thermoelectric Properties. SSRN Electronic Journal 2022, 195 https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4172096
    13. Shinichi Hata, Yuya Yamaguchi, Riku Nakata, Koudai Kametani, Yukou Du, Yukihide Shiraishi, Naoki Toshima. Durable n-type carbon nanotubes double-doped with 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene and polyamidoamine dendrimers. Diamond and Related Materials 2021, 120 , 108656. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diamond.2021.108656
    14. Manabu Ishizaki, Daiki Satoh, Rin Ando, Mikuto Funabe, Jun Matsui, Masato Kurihara. Solution‐Processed Chemically Non‐Destructive Filter Transfer of Carbon‐Nanotube Thin Films onto Arbitrary Materials. Advanced Materials Interfaces 2021, 8 (22) https://doi.org/10.1002/admi.202100953
    15. Shinichi Hata, Jin Tomotsu, Mio Gotsubo, Yukou Du, Yukihide Shiraishi, Naoki Toshima. n-Type carbon nanotube sheets for high in-plane ZT values in double-doped electron-donating graft copolymers containing diphenylhydrazines. Polymer Journal 2021, 53 (11) , 1281-1286. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41428-021-00519-6
    16. Patricia I. Dolez. Energy Harvesting Materials and Structures for Smart Textile Applications: Recent Progress and Path Forward. Sensors 2021, 21 (18) , 6297. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21186297
    17. Kony Chatterjee, Tushar K. Ghosh. Thermoelectric Materials for Textile Applications. Molecules 2021, 26 (11) , 3154. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26113154
    18. Ryohei Yamaguchi, Taiki Ishii, Masamichi Matsumoto, Angana Borah, Naoki Tanaka, Kaito Oda, Motohiro Tomita, Takanobu Watanabe, Tsuyohiko Fujigaya. Thermal deposition method for p–n patterning of carbon nanotube sheets for planar-type thermoelectric generator. Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2021, 9 (20) , 12188-12195. https://doi.org/10.1039/D1TA02206G
    19. Yizhuo Wang, Zhongxu Lu, Qiujun Hu, Xia Qi, Qing Li, Ziping Wu, Hao-Li Zhang, Choongho Yu, Hong Wang. Mass-produced metallic multiwalled carbon nanotube hybrids exhibiting high N-type thermoelectric performances. Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2021, 9 (6) , 3341-3352. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0TA10113C
    20. Monika Rdest, Dawid Janas. Effective Doping of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes with Polyethyleneimine. Materials 2021, 14 (1) , 65. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14010065

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