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New Surface Modification Method To Develop a PET-Based Membrane with Enhanced Ion Permeability and Organic Fouling Resistance for Efficient Production of Marine Microalgae

  • Jongmin Q. Kim
    Jongmin Q. Kim
    Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 22212, Republic of Korea
  • Jin Hyun Lee*
    Jin Hyun Lee
    Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 22212, Republic of Korea
    Polymer Research Center, Inha University, Incheon 22212, Republic of Korea
    *Email: [email protected]
    More by Jin Hyun Lee
  • Junbeom Park
    Junbeom Park
    Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 22212, Republic of Korea
    More by Junbeom Park
  • Hanwool Park
    Hanwool Park
    Department of Marine Science and Biological Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 22212, Republic of Korea
    National Marine Bioenergy R&D Center, Inha University, Incheon 22212, Republic of Korea
    More by Hanwool Park
  • Sang-Min Lim
    Sang-Min Lim
    Department of Marine Science and Biological Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 22212, Republic of Korea
    National Marine Bioenergy R&D Center, Inha University, Incheon 22212, Republic of Korea
    More by Sang-Min Lim
  • Choul-Gyun Lee
    Choul-Gyun Lee
    Department of Marine Science and Biological Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 22212, Republic of Korea
    National Marine Bioenergy R&D Center, Inha University, Incheon 22212, Republic of Korea
  • , and 
  • Jin-Kyun Lee*
    Jin-Kyun Lee
    Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 22212, Republic of Korea
    *Email: [email protected]
    More by Jin-Kyun Lee
Cite this: ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2020, 12, 22, 25253–25265
Publication Date (Web):May 5, 2020
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.0c00546
Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    This paper presents a new surface modification strategy to develop a poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET)-based membrane having a hydrophilic surface, high nutrient ion permeability, sufficient mechanical strength, and organic fouling resistance, using an anthracene (ANT)-attached polyethylene glycol (PEG) surface modification agent (SMA) synthesized in this work. During the modification process, the ANT parts of the SMAs poke through and anchor to the surface of a commercial PET woven fabric via physical interactions and mechanical locking. The PEG chain parts coat the surface in the brush and arch forms, which generates a hydration layer on the fabric surface. The consequently obtained surface property and unique structure of the modified PET-based membrane result in higher nitrate ion permeability, organic fouling resistance, and microalgae production compared to those of the unmodified one. These are also affected by the molecular weight of the PEG and the number density of the anchored SMAs. The study demonstrates that this new surface modification method has the potential to allow the development of a desirable PET-based membrane for the efficient massive production of marine microalgae.

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    Supporting Information

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge at https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsami.0c00546.

    • Experiment setups of water and for NO3 ion permeation through PET-based MPBR, test setup for antifouling of PET-based membranes in an ocean testbed, fluorescence of PEG and ANT–PEG molecules dissolved in MeOH or dispersed in water, fluorescence change of the colored PET fabrics after surface modification using synthesized ANT–PEG SMAs, SEM images and FT-IR spectra of PET-based membranes, instantly measured contact angle of NoSMA-PET and AP600-PET, volumes of culture media permeated through the PET-based membranes, and the PET-based membrane contaminated after antifouling tests (PDF)

    • Contact angle measurement of the unmodified PET membrane (NoSMA-PET) (AVI)

    • Contact angle measurement of the ANT–PEG600-modified PET membrane (AP600-PET) (AVI)

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    Most electronic Supporting Information files are available without a subscription to ACS Web Editions. Such files may be downloaded by article for research use (if there is a public use license linked to the relevant article, that license may permit other uses). Permission may be obtained from ACS for other uses through requests via the RightsLink permission system: http://pubs.acs.org/page/copyright/permissions.html.

    Cited By

    This article is cited by 9 publications.

    1. Biswajit Mishra, Swayamprakash Biswal, Nidhi C. Dubey, Bijay P. Tripathi. Anti(-bio)fouling Nanostructured Membranes Based on the Cross-Linked Assembly of Stimuli-Responsive Zwitterionic Microgels. ACS Applied Polymer Materials 2022, 4 (7) , 4719-4733. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsapm.2c00302
    2. Ting Long, Hongguan Wu, Hongping Yu, Dilantha Thushara, Bo Bao, Shuangliang Zhao, Honglai Liu. Thermodynamic Barrier for Nanoparticle Penetration into Nanotubes. Langmuir 2020, 36 (51) , 15514-15522. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.0c02741
    3. Sen Zeng, Xiaojie Gao, Huiyun Chen, Qianting Wang, Junhui Si, Zhixiang Cui. Phytic acid metal complex as precursor for fabrication of superhydrophilic membrane with photo-Fenton self-cleaning property for microalgae dewatering and oil/water emulsion separation. Separation and Purification Technology 2024, 350 , 127802. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2024.127802
    4. Wei Bing, Huichao Jin, Limei Tian. Bioadhesion and biofouling at solid-liquid interface. 2024, 635-656. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-85669-0.00050-7
    5. Junyin Cheng, Peng Wang, Yujia Zhang, Xueyuan Zhang, Tonghua Zhang, Guanhui Wang, Lei Chen. One-step, low-cost and environmentally friendly method to prepare superhydrophilic polyester fabric for oil-water separation. Surface and Coatings Technology 2024, 476 , 130198. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2023.130198
    6. Alabati Aireken, Akram Yasin, Bin Hao, Peng-Cheng Ma. Preparation of strong adhesive waterborne coating on polyester fabric based on cation-π interaction and its application in oil/water separation. Progress in Organic Coatings 2023, 183 , 107761. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.porgcoat.2023.107761
    7. Miaomiao Ma, Yuhong Qi, Zhanping Zhang. Swelling dynamics and chain structure of ultrathin PEG membranes in seawater. Journal of Molecular Liquids 2023, 378 , 121574. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2023.121574
    8. Mengyue Liu, Shaonan Li, Hao Wang, Rijia Jiang, Xing Zhou. Research progress of environmentally friendly marine antifouling coatings. Polymer Chemistry 2021, 12 (26) , 3702-3720. https://doi.org/10.1039/D1PY00512J
    9. Andres Felipe Novoa, Johannes S. Vrouwenvelder, Luca Fortunato. Membrane Fouling in Algal Separation Processes: A Review of Influencing Factors and Mechanisms. Frontiers in Chemical Engineering 2021, 3 https://doi.org/10.3389/fceng.2021.687422