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Wafer-Scale Growth of 2D PtTe2 with Layer Orientation Tunable High Electrical Conductivity and Superior Hydrophobicity

  • Mengjing Wang
    Mengjing Wang
    NanoScience Technology Center, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32826, United States
  • Tae-Jun Ko
    Tae-Jun Ko
    NanoScience Technology Center, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32826, United States
    More by Tae-Jun Ko
  • Mashiyat Sumaiya Shawkat
    Mashiyat Sumaiya Shawkat
    NanoScience Technology Center, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32826, United States
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32816, United States
  • Sang Sub Han
    Sang Sub Han
    NanoScience Technology Center, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32826, United States
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, South Korea
    More by Sang Sub Han
  • Emmanuel Okogbue
    Emmanuel Okogbue
    NanoScience Technology Center, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32826, United States
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32816, United States
  • Hee-Suk Chung
    Hee-Suk Chung
    Analytical Research Division, Korea Basic Science Institute, Jeonju 54907, South Korea
  • Tae-Sung Bae
    Tae-Sung Bae
    Analytical Research Division, Korea Basic Science Institute, Jeonju 54907, South Korea
    More by Tae-Sung Bae
  • Shahid Sattar
    Shahid Sattar
    Applied Physics, Division of Materials Science, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå SE 97187, Sweden
  • Jaeyoung Gil
    Jaeyoung Gil
    Department of Chemistry, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, South Korea
    More by Jaeyoung Gil
  • Chanwoo Noh
    Chanwoo Noh
    Department of Chemistry, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, South Korea
    More by Chanwoo Noh
  • Kyu Hwan Oh
    Kyu Hwan Oh
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, South Korea
    More by Kyu Hwan Oh
  • YounJoon Jung
    YounJoon Jung
    Department of Chemistry, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, South Korea
  • J. Andreas Larsson
    J. Andreas Larsson
    Applied Physics, Division of Materials Science, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå SE 97187, Sweden
  • , and 
  • Yeonwoong Jung*
    Yeonwoong Jung
    NanoScience Technology Center, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32826, United States
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32816, United States
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32826, United States
    *E-mail: [email protected]
Cite this: ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2020, 12, 9, 10839–10851
Publication Date (Web):February 11, 2020
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.9b21838
Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    Platinum ditelluride (PtTe2) is an emerging semimetallic two-dimensional (2D) transition-metal dichalcogenide (TMDC) crystal with intriguing band structures and unusual topological properties. Despite much devoted efforts, scalable and controllable synthesis of large-area 2D PtTe2 with well-defined layer orientation has not been established, leaving its projected structure–property relationship largely unclarified. Herein, we report a scalable low-temperature growth of 2D PtTe2 layers on an area greater than a few square centimeters by reacting Pt thin films of controlled thickness with vaporized tellurium at 400 °C. We systematically investigated their thickness-dependent 2D layer orientation as well as its correlated electrical conductivity and surface property. We unveil that 2D PtTe2 layers undergo three distinct growth mode transitions, i.e., horizontally aligned holey layers, continuous layer-by-layer lateral growth, and horizontal-to-vertical layer transition. This growth transition is a consequence of competing thermodynamic and kinetic factors dictated by accumulating internal strain, analogous to the transition of Frank–van der Merwe (FM) to Stranski–Krastanov (SK) growth in epitaxial thin-film models. The exclusive role of the strain on dictating 2D layer orientation has been quantitatively verified by the transmission electron microscopy (TEM) strain mapping analysis. These centimeter-scale 2D PtTe2 layers exhibit layer orientation tunable metallic transports yielding the highest value of ∼1.7 × 106 S/m at a certain critical thickness, supported by a combined verification of density functional theory (DFT) and electrical measurements. Moreover, they show intrinsically high hydrophobicity manifested by the water contact angle (WCA) value up to ∼117°, which is the highest among all reported 2D TMDCs of comparable dimensions and geometries. Accordingly, this study confirms the high material quality of these emerging large-area 2D PtTe2 layers, projecting vast opportunities employing their tunable layer morphology and semimetallic properties from investigations of novel quantum phenomena to applications in electrocatalysis.

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    • Characterization data including TEM, EDS, grain size analysis, XRD, DFT calculation, temperature-dependent conductivity measurement, AFM, and tables of water contact angles and electrical conductivities (PDF)

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