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A Breathable Knitted Fabric-Based Smart System with Enhanced Superhydrophobicity for Drowning Alarming

  • Tianxue Zhu
    Tianxue Zhu
    College of Chemical Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350116, China
    Qingyuan Innovation Laboratory, Quanzhou 362801, China
    China National Textile and Apparel Council Key Laboratory of Flexible Devices for Intelligent Textile and Apparel, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China
    More by Tianxue Zhu
  • Yimeng Ni
    Yimeng Ni
    College of Chemical Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350116, China
    More by Yimeng Ni
  • Kaiying Zhao
    Kaiying Zhao
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea
    More by Kaiying Zhao
  • Jianying Huang*
    Jianying Huang
    College of Chemical Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350116, China
    Qingyuan Innovation Laboratory, Quanzhou 362801, China
    *Email: [email protected]
  • Yan Cheng
    Yan Cheng
    Zhejiang Engineering Research Center for Tissue Repair Materials, Joint Centre of Translational Medicine, Wenzhou Institute, University of Chinese Academy of Science, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325000, China
    More by Yan Cheng
  • Mingzheng Ge
    Mingzheng Ge
    School of Textile & Clothing, Nantong University, Nantong 226019, China
    More by Mingzheng Ge
  • Cheolmin Park*
    Cheolmin Park
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea
    *Email: [email protected]
  • , and 
  • Yuekun Lai*
    Yuekun Lai
    College of Chemical Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350116, China
    Qingyuan Innovation Laboratory, Quanzhou 362801, China
    *Email: [email protected]
    More by Yuekun Lai
Cite this: ACS Nano 2022, 16, 11, 18018–18026
Publication Date (Web):September 30, 2022
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.2c08325
Copyright © 2022 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    Wearable strain sensors have aroused increasing interest in human motion monitoring, even for the detection of small physiological signals such as joint movement and pulse. Stable monitoring of underwater human motion for a long time is still a notable challenge, as electronic devices can lose their effectiveness in a wet environment. In this study, a superhydrophobic and conductive knitted polyester fabric-based strain sensor was fabricated via dip coating of graphene oxide and polydimethylsiloxane micro/nanoparticles. The water contact angle of the obtained sample was 156°, which was retained above 150° under deformation (stretched to twice the original length or bent to 80°). Additionally, the sample exhibited satisfactory mechanical stability in terms of superhydrophobicity and conductivity after 300 abrasion cycles and 20 accelerated washing cycles. In terms of sensing performance, the strain sensor showed a rapid and obvious response to different deformations such as water vibration, underwater finger bending, and droplet shock. With the good combination of superhydrophobicity and conductivity, as well as the wearability and stretchability of the knitted polyester fabric, this wireless strain sensor connected with Bluetooth can allow for the remote monitoring of water sports, e.g., swimming, and can raise an alert under drowning conditions.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge at https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsnano.2c08325.

    • Large-area fabrication of superhydrophobic conductive fabrics; SEM images of pristine knitted fabric; mass ratio and corresponding resistance of GO under different dip-coating times; SEM images of PDMS-rGO@fabric andEDS spectrum of the PDMS-rGO@fabric; images of freshly prepared and long-term stored PDMS emulsions; WCA of rGO@fabric and PDMS-rGO@fabric; contact angles of sample under different parameters; contact angle of sample before and after under different times of stretching and bending; SEM images of sample before and after chemical corrosion and mechanical wear; SEM images of sample with and without PDMS protection after abrasion; schematic diagram of sand flushing test and contact angle of sample under different times of sand flushing test; schematic diagram of tape peeling test and contact angle of samples under different tape peeling test times; chemical stability test; schematic diagram of underwater sensing test device; response to droplets with different volumes (DOCX)

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    Cited By

    This article is cited by 11 publications.

    1. Yan Yang, Chen Yao, Wen-Yao Huang, Cai-Ling Liu, Ye Zhang. Wearable Sensor Based on a Tough Conductive Gel for Real-Time and Remote Human Motion Monitoring. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2024, Article ASAP.
    2. Wanchen Yao, Yuzhong Yan, Jianlei Sun, Zeshan Zhang, Wenwen Sun, Wenrui Huang, Jing Cheng, Hui Zhao, Meihua Xie, Qijun Sun, Gang Huang, Xiangde Lin. Mechanically Durable Superhydrophobic Strain Sensors with High Biocompatibility and Sensing Performance for Underwater Motion Monitoring. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2024, 16 (5) , 6548-6561. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.3c14327
    3. Qianqian Liang, Dong Zhang, Tianyiyi He, Zixuan Zhang, Huaping Wang, Shiyan Chen, Chengkuo Lee. Fiber-Based Noncontact Sensor with Stretchability for Underwater Wearable Sensing and VR Applications. ACS Nano 2024, 18 (1) , 600-611. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.3c08739
    4. Liguo Qin, Yuhao Wu, Zeyu Ma, Hang Li, Shan Lu, Zheng Wang, Jianbo Liu, Mochen Dong, Yin Zhang. Fluorine-Free and Highly Durable Superhydrophobic Textiles for Antifouling and Anti-icing Applications. ACS Applied Polymer Materials 2023, 5 (8) , 6278-6287. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsapm.3c00916
    5. Xincheng Wang, Yaokai Tang, Shangru Cheng, Changbo Liu, Qiangmin Gao, Weiping Lian, Yingxin Yuan, Anqi Li, Chongbing Li, Shanshan Guan. Polydimethylsiloxane Composite Sponge Decorated with Graphene/Carbon Nanotube via Polydopamine for Multifunctional Applications. ACS Applied Polymer Materials 2023, 5 (8) , 6022-6033. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsapm.3c00718
    6. Esfandiar Pakdel, Julie Sharp, Sima Kashi, Wenli Bai, Mazeyar Parvinzadeh Gashti, Xungai Wang. Antibacterial Superhydrophobic Cotton Fabric with Photothermal, Self-Cleaning, and Ultraviolet Protection Functionalities. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2023, 15 (28) , 34031-34043. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.3c04598
    7. Jingwei Tian, Xiao Qi, Chenggao Li, Guijun Xian. Mussel-Inspired Fabrication of an Environment-Friendly and Self-Adhesive Superhydrophobic Polydopamine Coating with Excellent Mechanical Durability, Anti-Icing and Self-Cleaning Performances. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2023, 15 (21) , 26000-26015. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.3c03577
    8. Wenlong Liu, Shouren Wang, Gaoqi Wang, Zhen Xiao, Chao Zhou, Shaoping Gao. Wettability, Self-Cleaning Property, and Mechanical Durability of A390 Aluminum Alloy with the Major Effect of Si Phases. Langmuir 2022, 38 (49) , 15303-15315. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.2c02541
    9. Guang Yang, Binbin Zhang, Chuanbo Zheng, Weichen Xu, Baorong Hou. Waterborne superhydrophobic coating with abrasion and corrosion resistant capabilities. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 2023, 664 , 131170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2023.131170
    10. Wenxiao Zhang, Jinlei Miao, Mingwei Tian, Xueji Zhang, Tingting Fan, Lijun Qu. Hierarchically interlocked helical conductive yarn enables ultra-stretchable electronics and smart fabrics. Chemical Engineering Journal 2023, 462 , 142279. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2023.142279
    11. Zheqin Dong, Pavel. A. Levkin. 3D Microprinting of Super‐Repellent Microstructures: Recent Developments, Challenges, and Opportunities. Advanced Functional Materials 2023, 2 , 2213916. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.202213916

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