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Direct Chemical Vapor Deposition Growth and Band-Gap Characterization of MoS2/h-BN van der Waals Heterostructures on Au Foils

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† ‡ Center for Nanochemistry (CNC), Beijing Science and Engineering Center for Nanocarbons, Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Academy for Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, P. R. China
§ State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310027, P. R. China
CAS Key Laboratory of Standardization and Measurement for Nanotechnology, CAS Center for Excellence in Nanoscience, National Center for Nanoscience and Technology, Beijing 100190, P. R. China
Key Laboratory of Artificial Micro- and Nano-structures of Ministry of Education, School of Physics and Technology, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, P. R. China
Cite this: ACS Nano 2017, 11, 4, 4328–4336
Publication Date (Web):March 23, 2017
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b01537
Copyright © 2017 American Chemical Society

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    Stacked transition-metal dichalcogenides on hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) are platforms for high-performance electronic devices. However, such vertical stacks are usually constructed by the layer-by-layer polymer-assisted transfer of mechanically exfoliated layers. This inevitably causes interfacial contamination and device performance degradation. Herein, we develop a two-step, low-pressure chemical vapor deposition synthetic strategy incorporating the direct growth of monolayer h-BN on Au foil with the subsequent growth of MoS2. In such vertical stacks, the interactions between MoS2 and Au are diminished by the intervening h-BN layer, as evidenced by the appearance of photoluminescence in MoS2. The weakened interfacial interactions facilitate the transfer of the MoS2/h-BN stacks from Au to arbitrary substrates by an electrochemical bubbling method. Scanning tunneling microscope/spectroscopy characterization shows that the central h-BN layer partially blocks the metal-induced gap states in MoS2/h-BN/Au foils. The work offers insight into the synthesis, transfer, and device performance optimization of such vertically stacked heterostructures.

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