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Capillary Force-Induced Glue-Free Printing of Ag Nanoparticle Arrays for Highly Sensitive SERS Substrates

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Nanobio Device Laboratory, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-Gu, Seoul 120-749, Republic of Korea
Microwave Integrated Circuits and Systems Laboratory, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-Gu, Seoul 120-749, Republic of Korea
*Tel: +82-2-2123-5767. Fax: +82-2-313-2879. E-mail: [email protected]
Cite this: ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2014, 6, 12, 9053–9060
Publication Date (Web):May 13, 2014
Copyright © 2014 American Chemical Society

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    The fabrication of well-ordered metal nanoparticle structures onto a desired substrate can be effectively applied to several applications. In this work, well-ordered Ag nanoparticle line arrays were printed on the desired substrate without the use of glue materials. The success of the method relies on the assembly of Ag nanoparticles on the anisotropic buckling templates and a special transfer process where a small amount of water rather than glue materials is employed. The anisotropic buckling templates can be made to have various wavelengths by changing the degree of prestrain in the fabrication step. Ag nanoparticles assembled in the trough of the templates via dip coating were successfully transferred to a flat substrate which has hydrophilic surface due to capillary forces of water. The widths of the fabricated Ag nanoparticle line arrays were modulated according to the wavelengths of the templates. As a potential application, the Ag nanoparticle line arrays were used as SERS substrates for various probing molecules, and an excellent surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) performance was achieved with a detection limit of 10–12 M for Rhodamine 6G.

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    FTIR spectrum of Ag nanoparticles after multiple centrifugation steps for remove of PVP. SEM images of Ag nanoparticle line arrays before and after dipping step and transferred Ag nanoparticle line arrays when various templates were used. SEM images of Ag nanoparticle line arrays on the substrates with various surface tensions and large area Ag nanoparticle line arrays. Raman spectra for other probing molecules and R6G obtained from the Ag nanoparticle line array substrates on hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces. Raman spectra for R6G with various concentrations. SEM image of Ag nanoparticle line arrays on a PCL layer. This material is available free of charge via the Internet at

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