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Chapter Green Nanotechnology: Development of Nanomaterials for Environmental and Energy Applications

  • Changseok Han
    Changseok Han
    Environmental Engineering and Science Program, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221-0012, U.S.A.
    Centre for Research in Engineering Surface Technology (CREST) FOCAS Institute, Dublin Institute of Technology, Kevin St., Dublin 8, Ireland
    Division of Physical Chemistry, Institute of Advanced Materials, Physicochemical Processes, Nanotechnology and Microsystems (IAMPPNM), National Center for Scientific Research “Demokritos”, 15310 Aghia Parakevi Attikis, Athens, Greece
    Nanotechnology and Integrated BioEngineering Centre, School of Engineering, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland, BT37 0QB, United Kingdom
    Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019-0308, U.S.A.
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida International University, University Park, Miami, Florida 33199, U.S.A.
    Nireas-International Water Research Centre, University of Cyprus, 20537 Nicosia, Cyprus
  • Joel Andersen
    Joel Andersen
    Environmental Engineering and Science Program, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221-0012, U.S.A.
    Centre for Research in Engineering Surface Technology (CREST) FOCAS Institute, Dublin Institute of Technology, Kevin St., Dublin 8, Ireland
    Division of Physical Chemistry, Institute of Advanced Materials, Physicochemical Processes, Nanotechnology and Microsystems (IAMPPNM), National Center for Scientific Research “Demokritos”, 15310 Aghia Parakevi Attikis, Athens, Greece
    Nanotechnology and Integrated BioEngineering Centre, School of Engineering, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland, BT37 0QB, United Kingdom
    Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019-0308, U.S.A.
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida International University, University Park, Miami, Florida 33199, U.S.A.
    Nireas-International Water Research Centre, University of Cyprus, 20537 Nicosia, Cyprus
  • Suresh C. Pillai
    Suresh C. Pillai
    Environmental Engineering and Science Program, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221-0012, U.S.A.
    Centre for Research in Engineering Surface Technology (CREST) FOCAS Institute, Dublin Institute of Technology, Kevin St., Dublin 8, Ireland
    Division of Physical Chemistry, Institute of Advanced Materials, Physicochemical Processes, Nanotechnology and Microsystems (IAMPPNM), National Center for Scientific Research “Demokritos”, 15310 Aghia Parakevi Attikis, Athens, Greece
    Nanotechnology and Integrated BioEngineering Centre, School of Engineering, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland, BT37 0QB, United Kingdom
    Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019-0308, U.S.A.
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida International University, University Park, Miami, Florida 33199, U.S.A.
    Nireas-International Water Research Centre, University of Cyprus, 20537 Nicosia, Cyprus
  • Rachel Fagan
    Rachel Fagan
    Environmental Engineering and Science Program, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221-0012, U.S.A.
    Centre for Research in Engineering Surface Technology (CREST) FOCAS Institute, Dublin Institute of Technology, Kevin St., Dublin 8, Ireland
    Division of Physical Chemistry, Institute of Advanced Materials, Physicochemical Processes, Nanotechnology and Microsystems (IAMPPNM), National Center for Scientific Research “Demokritos”, 15310 Aghia Parakevi Attikis, Athens, Greece
    Nanotechnology and Integrated BioEngineering Centre, School of Engineering, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland, BT37 0QB, United Kingdom
    Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019-0308, U.S.A.
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida International University, University Park, Miami, Florida 33199, U.S.A.
    Nireas-International Water Research Centre, University of Cyprus, 20537 Nicosia, Cyprus
    More by Rachel Fagan
  • Polycarpos Falaras
    Polycarpos Falaras
    Environmental Engineering and Science Program, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221-0012, U.S.A.
    Centre for Research in Engineering Surface Technology (CREST) FOCAS Institute, Dublin Institute of Technology, Kevin St., Dublin 8, Ireland
    Division of Physical Chemistry, Institute of Advanced Materials, Physicochemical Processes, Nanotechnology and Microsystems (IAMPPNM), National Center for Scientific Research “Demokritos”, 15310 Aghia Parakevi Attikis, Athens, Greece
    Nanotechnology and Integrated BioEngineering Centre, School of Engineering, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland, BT37 0QB, United Kingdom
    Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019-0308, U.S.A.
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida International University, University Park, Miami, Florida 33199, U.S.A.
    Nireas-International Water Research Centre, University of Cyprus, 20537 Nicosia, Cyprus
  • J. Anthony Byrne
    J. Anthony Byrne
    Environmental Engineering and Science Program, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221-0012, U.S.A.
    Centre for Research in Engineering Surface Technology (CREST) FOCAS Institute, Dublin Institute of Technology, Kevin St., Dublin 8, Ireland
    Division of Physical Chemistry, Institute of Advanced Materials, Physicochemical Processes, Nanotechnology and Microsystems (IAMPPNM), National Center for Scientific Research “Demokritos”, 15310 Aghia Parakevi Attikis, Athens, Greece
    Nanotechnology and Integrated BioEngineering Centre, School of Engineering, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland, BT37 0QB, United Kingdom
    Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019-0308, U.S.A.
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida International University, University Park, Miami, Florida 33199, U.S.A.
    Nireas-International Water Research Centre, University of Cyprus, 20537 Nicosia, Cyprus
  • Patrick S. M. Dunlop
    Patrick S. M. Dunlop
    Environmental Engineering and Science Program, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221-0012, U.S.A.
    Centre for Research in Engineering Surface Technology (CREST) FOCAS Institute, Dublin Institute of Technology, Kevin St., Dublin 8, Ireland
    Division of Physical Chemistry, Institute of Advanced Materials, Physicochemical Processes, Nanotechnology and Microsystems (IAMPPNM), National Center for Scientific Research “Demokritos”, 15310 Aghia Parakevi Attikis, Athens, Greece
    Nanotechnology and Integrated BioEngineering Centre, School of Engineering, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland, BT37 0QB, United Kingdom
    Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019-0308, U.S.A.
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida International University, University Park, Miami, Florida 33199, U.S.A.
    Nireas-International Water Research Centre, University of Cyprus, 20537 Nicosia, Cyprus
  • Hyeok Choi
    Hyeok Choi
    Environmental Engineering and Science Program, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221-0012, U.S.A.
    Centre for Research in Engineering Surface Technology (CREST) FOCAS Institute, Dublin Institute of Technology, Kevin St., Dublin 8, Ireland
    Division of Physical Chemistry, Institute of Advanced Materials, Physicochemical Processes, Nanotechnology and Microsystems (IAMPPNM), National Center for Scientific Research “Demokritos”, 15310 Aghia Parakevi Attikis, Athens, Greece
    Nanotechnology and Integrated BioEngineering Centre, School of Engineering, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland, BT37 0QB, United Kingdom
    Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019-0308, U.S.A.
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida International University, University Park, Miami, Florida 33199, U.S.A.
    Nireas-International Water Research Centre, University of Cyprus, 20537 Nicosia, Cyprus
    More by Hyeok Choi
  • Wenjun Jiang
    Wenjun Jiang
    Environmental Engineering and Science Program, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221-0012, U.S.A.
    Centre for Research in Engineering Surface Technology (CREST) FOCAS Institute, Dublin Institute of Technology, Kevin St., Dublin 8, Ireland
    Division of Physical Chemistry, Institute of Advanced Materials, Physicochemical Processes, Nanotechnology and Microsystems (IAMPPNM), National Center for Scientific Research “Demokritos”, 15310 Aghia Parakevi Attikis, Athens, Greece
    Nanotechnology and Integrated BioEngineering Centre, School of Engineering, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland, BT37 0QB, United Kingdom
    Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019-0308, U.S.A.
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida International University, University Park, Miami, Florida 33199, U.S.A.
    Nireas-International Water Research Centre, University of Cyprus, 20537 Nicosia, Cyprus
  • Kevin O’Shea
    Kevin O’Shea
    Environmental Engineering and Science Program, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221-0012, U.S.A.
    Centre for Research in Engineering Surface Technology (CREST) FOCAS Institute, Dublin Institute of Technology, Kevin St., Dublin 8, Ireland
    Division of Physical Chemistry, Institute of Advanced Materials, Physicochemical Processes, Nanotechnology and Microsystems (IAMPPNM), National Center for Scientific Research “Demokritos”, 15310 Aghia Parakevi Attikis, Athens, Greece
    Nanotechnology and Integrated BioEngineering Centre, School of Engineering, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland, BT37 0QB, United Kingdom
    Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019-0308, U.S.A.
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida International University, University Park, Miami, Florida 33199, U.S.A.
    Nireas-International Water Research Centre, University of Cyprus, 20537 Nicosia, Cyprus
  • , and 
  • Dionysios D. Dionysiou *
    Dionysios D. Dionysiou
    Environmental Engineering and Science Program, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221-0012, U.S.A.
    Centre for Research in Engineering Surface Technology (CREST) FOCAS Institute, Dublin Institute of Technology, Kevin St., Dublin 8, Ireland
    Division of Physical Chemistry, Institute of Advanced Materials, Physicochemical Processes, Nanotechnology and Microsystems (IAMPPNM), National Center for Scientific Research “Demokritos”, 15310 Aghia Parakevi Attikis, Athens, Greece
    Nanotechnology and Integrated BioEngineering Centre, School of Engineering, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland, BT37 0QB, United Kingdom
    Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019-0308, U.S.A.
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida International University, University Park, Miami, Florida 33199, U.S.A.
    Nireas-International Water Research Centre, University of Cyprus, 20537 Nicosia, Cyprus
    *E-mail: [email protected]
DOI: 10.1021/bk-2013-1124.ch012
    Publication Date (Web):April 17, 2013
    Copyright © 2013 American Chemical Society.
    Sustainable Nanotechnology and the Environment: Advances and Achievements
    Chapter 12pp 201-229
    ACS Symposium SeriesVol. 1124
    ISBN13: 9780841227842eISBN: 9780841227859

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    Abstract

    This book chapter discusses the syntheses of various nanomaterials, for green nanotechnology applications in detail. Special attention is given to the development of emerging areas, such as environmental as well as energy materials. Various approaches for preparing nanostructured photocatalysts, such as titanium dioxide, zinc oxide, iron oxide, and metal sulfides, different conventional methods and novel methods, including sol-gel methods, hydrothermal methods, microwave-assisted methods and sonochemical methods are introduced. The use of nanomaterials as photocatalysts, supporting materials for solar cells, and disinfectants is reported for environmental remediation and energy applications. Advanced applications of nanomaterials for water detoxification, air purification, and the inactivation of pathogenic microorganisms in water as well as dye-sensitized solar cells is also discussed. The enhancement of selectivity of photocatalysis, especially TiO2 systems, for the destruction of target contaminants in water is comprehensively presented. Finally, the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS), such as hydroxyl radical (OH), superoxide anion radical (O2•-), singlet oxygen (1O2) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), in semiconductor photocatalysis is introduced and various experimental techniques to detect ROS are also discussed.

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