Pair your accounts.

Export articles to Mendeley

Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

Pair your accounts.

Export articles to Mendeley

Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

You’ve supercharged your research process with ACS and Mendeley!

STEP 1:
Click to create an ACS ID

Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

MENDELEY PAIRING EXPIRED
Your Mendeley pairing has expired. Please reconnect
ACS Publications. Most Trusted. Most Cited. Most Read
My Activity
CONTENT TYPES

Investigation of Changes in the Surface Structure of LixNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 Cathode Materials Induced by the Initial Charge

View Author Information
Center for Energy Convergence, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul 136-791, Republic of Korea
Center for Functional Nanomaterials, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973, United States
§ Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering, KAIST and Center for Nanomaterials and Chemical Reactions, IBS, Daejeon 305-701, Republic of Korea
Carbon Convergence Materials Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Wanju-gun 565-905, Republic of Korea
*E-mail: [email protected] (W. Chang).
*E-mail: [email protected] (E.A. Stach).
Cite this: Chem. Mater. 2014, 26, 2, 1084–1092
Publication Date (Web):January 3, 2014
https://doi.org/10.1021/cm403332s
Copyright © 2014 American Chemical Society

    Article Views

    6204

    Altmetric

    -

    Citations

    LEARN ABOUT THESE METRICS
    Other access options
    Supporting Info (1)»

    Abstract

    Abstract Image

    We use transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to investigate the evolution of the surface structure of LixNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 cathode materials (NCA) as a function of the extent of first charge at room temperature using a combination of high-resolution electron microscopy (HREM) imaging, selected area electron diffraction (SAED), and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). It was found that the surface changes from the layered structure (space group Rm) to the disordered spinel structure (Fdm), and eventually to the rock-salt structure (Fmm), and that these changes are more substantial as the extent of charge increases. EELS indicates that these crystal structure changes are also accompanied by significant changes in the electronic structure, which are consistent with delithiation leading to both a reduction of the Ni and an increase in the effective electron density of oxygen. This leads to a charge imbalance, which results in the formation of oxygen vacancies and the development of surface porosity. The degree of local surface structure change differs among particles, likely due to kinetic factors that are manifested with changes in particle size. These results demonstrate that TEM, when coupled with EELS, can provide detailed information about the crystallographic and electronic structure changes that occur at the surface of these materials during delithiation. This information is of critical importance for obtaining a complete understanding of the mechanisms by which both degradation and thermal runaway initiate in these electrode materials.

    Read this article

    To access this article, please review the available access options below.

    Get instant access

    Purchase Access

    Read this article for 48 hours. Check out below using your ACS ID or as a guest.

    Recommended

    Access through Your Institution

    You may have access to this article through your institution.

    Your institution does not have access to this content. You can change your affiliated institution below.

    Supporting Information

    ARTICLE SECTIONS
    Jump To

    XAS of charged NCA, depending on the state of charge, taken from the literature and reproduced for clarity and exposition. O K-edge, Co L-edge, Ni L-edge EEL spectra from a pristine and the overcharged NCA. This material is available free of charge via the Internet at http://pubs.acs.org.

    Terms & Conditions

    Most electronic Supporting Information files are available without a subscription to ACS Web Editions. Such files may be downloaded by article for research use (if there is a public use license linked to the relevant article, that license may permit other uses). Permission may be obtained from ACS for other uses through requests via the RightsLink permission system: http://pubs.acs.org/page/copyright/permissions.html.

    Cited By

    This article is cited by 309 publications.

    1. Jędrzej K. Morzy, Wesley M. Dose, Per Erik Vullum, May Ching Lai, Amoghavarsha Mahadevegowda, Michael F. L. De Volder, Caterina Ducati. Origins and Importance of Intragranular Cracking in Layered Lithium Transition Metal Oxide Cathodes. ACS Applied Energy Materials 2024, 7 (9) , 3945-3956. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsaem.4c00279
    2. Conor M. E. Phelan, Erik Björklund, Jasper Singh, Michael Fraser, Pravin N. Didwal, Gregory J. Rees, Zachary Ruff, Pilar Ferrer, David C. Grinter, Clare P. Grey, Robert S. Weatherup. Role of Salt Concentration in Stabilizing Charged Ni-Rich Cathode Interfaces in Li-Ion Batteries. Chemistry of Materials 2024, 36 (7) , 3334-3344. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.4c00004
    3. Saehun Kim, Jeong-A Lee, Dong Gyu Lee, Junsu Son, Tae Hyon Bae, Tae Kyung Lee, Nam-Soon Choi. Designing Electrolytes for Stable Operation of High-Voltage LiCoO2 in Lithium-Ion Batteries. ACS Energy Letters 2024, 9 (1) , 262-270. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsenergylett.3c02534
    4. Harald Norrud Pollen, Inger-Emma Nylund, Øystein Dahl, Ann Mari Svensson, Daniel Brandell, Reza Younesi, Julian Richard Tolchard, Nils Peter Wagner. Interphase Engineering of LiNi0.88Mn0.06Co0.06O2 Cathodes Using Octadecyl Phosphonic Acid Coupling Agents. ACS Applied Energy Materials 2023, 6 (23) , 12032-12042. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsaem.3c02275
    5. Amreen Bano, Malachi Noked, Dan Thomas Major. Theoretical Insights into High-Entropy Ni-Rich Layered Oxide Cathodes for Low-Strain Li-Ion Batteries. Chemistry of Materials 2023, 35 (20) , 8426-8439. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.3c01182
    6. Yunpeng Zhuang, Wenzhuo Shen, Shouwu Guo. Heat Generation Power of the LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 Cathode at Higher Charging Cutoff Voltages. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2023, 127 (27) , 12895-12903. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.3c02529
    7. Sona Valiyaveettil-SobhanRaj, Rosalía Cid, Travis Thompson, Francisco Bonilla, Gabriel A. López, Frederic Aguesse, Montse Casas-Cabanas. High-Temperature Thermal Reactivity and Interface Evolution of the NMC-LATP-Carbon Composite Cathode. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2023, 15 (10) , 13689-13699. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.2c20097
    8. Laisuo Su, Eunmi Jo, Arumugam Manthiram. Protection of Cobalt-Free LiNiO2 from Degradation with Localized Saturated Electrolytes in Lithium-Metal Batteries. ACS Energy Letters 2022, 7 (6) , 2165-2172. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsenergylett.2c01081
    9. Venkata Rohit Punyapu, Yi Ding, Ka Yuen Simon Ng, Da Deng. Binary Fe/Mn-Based Nanocomposites as Li-Free Cathode Materials for Li Batteries Assembled in Charged State. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2022, 61 (22) , 7474-7479. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.iecr.1c04661
    10. Xinhao Li, Qian Wang, Haoyue Guo, Nongnuch Artrith, Alexander Urban. Understanding the Onset of Surface Degradation in LiNiO2 Cathodes. ACS Applied Energy Materials 2022, 5 (5) , 5730-5741. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsaem.2c00012
    11. Hanlei Zhang, Hao Liu, Louis F. J. Piper, M. Stanley Whittingham, Guangwen Zhou. Oxygen Loss in Layered Oxide Cathodes for Li-Ion Batteries: Mechanisms, Effects, and Mitigation. Chemical Reviews 2022, 122 (6) , 5641-5681. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemrev.1c00327
    12. Yabin Shen, Xiaojing Yao, Shaohua Wang, Dongyu Zhang, Dongming Yin, Limin Wang, Yong Cheng. Gospel for Improving the Lithium Storage Performance of High-Voltage High-Nickel Low-Cobalt Layered Oxide Cathode Materials. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2021, 13 (49) , 58871-58884. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.1c20568
    13. Marcel J. Herzog, Nicolas Gauquelin, Daniel Esken, Johan Verbeeck, Jürgen Janek. Increased Performance Improvement of Lithium-Ion Batteries by Dry Powder Coating of High-Nickel NMC with Nanostructured Fumed Ternary Lithium Metal Oxides. ACS Applied Energy Materials 2021, 4 (9) , 8832-8848. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsaem.1c00939
    14. Mariyam Susana Dewi Darma, Jiangong Zhu, Peng Yan, Chenghao Zheng, Martin J. Mühlbauer, Daniel R. Sørensen, Sylvio Indris, Thomas Bergfeldt, Chittaranjan Das, Michael Heere, Liuda Mereacre, Udo Geckle, Anatoliy Senyshyn, Helmut Ehrenberg, Michael Knapp. Managing Life Span of High-Energy LiNi0.88Co0.11Al0.01O2|C–Si Li-Ion Batteries. ACS Applied Energy Materials 2021, 4 (9) , 9982-10002. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsaem.1c01946
    15. Che-an Lin, Ralph Nicolai Nasara, Shih-kang Lin. Ab Initio Exploration of Co-Free Layered Oxides as Cathode Materials in Li Ion Batteries. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2021, 9 (34) , 11342-11350. https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.1c02861
    16. Pinaki Mukherjee, Ping Lu, Nicholas Faenza, Nathalie Pereira, Glenn Amatucci, Gerbrand Ceder, Frederic Cosandey. Atomic Structure of Surface-Densified Phases in Ni-Rich Layered Compounds. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2021, 13 (15) , 17478-17486. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.1c00143
    17. Hui-Juan Guo, Huai-Xiang Wang, Yu-Jie Guo, Gui-Xian Liu, Jing Wan, Yue-Xian Song, Xin-An Yang, Fei-Fei Jia, Fu-Yi Wang, Yu-Guo Guo, Rui Wen, Li-Jun Wan. Dynamic Evolution of a Cathode Interphase Layer at the Surface of LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2 in Quasi-Solid-State Lithium Batteries. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2020, 142 (49) , 20752-20762. https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.0c09602
    18. Wenjin Li, Jian Zhang, Yunan Zhou, Wei Huang, Xianghuan Liu, Zhao Li, Min Gao, Zenghua Chang, Ning Li, Jiantao Wang, Shigang Lu, Xiaolong Li, Wen Wen, Daming Zhu, Yan Lu, Weidong Zhuang. Regulating the Grain Orientation and Surface Structure of Primary Particles through Tungsten Modification to Comprehensively Enhance the Performance of Nickel-Rich Cathode Materials. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2020, 12 (42) , 47513-47525. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.0c12893
    19. Yao Lu, Shuai Hu, Lijun Xiong, Lishan Yang, Jun Wang, Yuanhui Pan, Shuangshuang Zhao, Yahui Yang, Chenghuan Huang, Jian Zhu, Wen-Yi Zhou, Youyuan Zhou. Insights on the Activation and Stabilization of NCA Cathode Interface: Surface Chemical State Modulations of Aluminum-Mediated Li0.73CoO2 Coatings. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2020, 8 (39) , 14975-14984. https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.0c05229
    20. Mark Wolfman, Young-Sang Yu, Brian M. May, Zachary W. Lebens-Higgins, Shawn Sallis, Nicholas V. Faenza, Nathalie Pereira, Nozomi Shirato, Volker Rose, David A. Shapiro, Glenn G. Amatucci, Louis F. J. Piper, Jordi Cabana. Mapping Competitive Reduction upon Charging in LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 Primary Particles. Chemistry of Materials 2020, 32 (14) , 6161-6175. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.0c01986
    21. Sixu Deng, Yipeng Sun, Xia Li, Zhouhong Ren, Jianwen Liang, Kieran Doyle-Davis, Jianneng Liang, Weihan Li, Mohammad Norouzi Banis, Qian Sun, Ruying Li, Yongfeng Hu, Huan Huang, Li Zhang, Shigang Lu, Jun Luo, Xueliang Sun. Eliminating the Detrimental Effects of Conductive Agents in Sulfide-Based Solid-State Batteries. ACS Energy Letters 2020, 5 (4) , 1243-1251. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsenergylett.0c00256
    22. Evan M. Erickson, Wangda Li, Andrei Dolocan, Arumugam Manthiram. Insights into the Cathode–Electrolyte Interphases of High-Energy-Density Cathodes in Lithium-Ion Batteries. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2020, 12 (14) , 16451-16461. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.0c00900
    23. Zachary W. Lebens-Higgins, Hyeseung Chung, Mateusz J. Zuba, Jatinkumar Rana, Yixuan Li, Nicholas V. Faenza, Nathalie Pereira, Bryan D. McCloskey, Fanny Rodolakis, Wanli Yang, M. Stanley Whittingham, Glenn G. Amatucci, Ying Shirley Meng, Tien-Lin Lee, Louis F. J. Piper. How Bulk Sensitive is Hard X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy: Accounting for the Cathode–Electrolyte Interface when Addressing Oxygen Redox. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2020, 11 (6) , 2106-2112. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.0c00229
    24. Xinhua Zhu, Reynier I. Revilla, Joris Jaguemont, Joeri Van Mierlo, Annick Hubin. Insights into Cycling Aging of LiNi0.80Co0.15Al0.05O2 Cathode Induced by Surface Inhomogeneity: A Post-mortem Analysis. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2019, 123 (50) , 30046-30058. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b07767
    25. Hao Chen, Li Xiao, Pengcheng Liu, Han Chen, Zhimei Xia, Longgang Ye, Yujie Hu. Rock Salt-Type [email protected] as Cathode Materials with High Capacity Retention Rate and Stable Structure. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2019, 58 (40) , 18498-18507. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.iecr.9b03276
    26. Hanlei Zhang, Brian M. May, Fredrick Omenya, M. Stanley Whittingham, Jordi Cabana, Guangwen Zhou. Layered Oxide Cathodes for Li-Ion Batteries: Oxygen Loss and Vacancy Evolution. Chemistry of Materials 2019, 31 (18) , 7790-7798. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b03245
    27. Chaodeng Liu, Guoqin Cao, Zhihao Wu, Junhua Hu, Haoyang Wang, Guosheng Shao. Surficial Structure Retention Mechanism for LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 in a Full Gradient Cathode. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2019, 11 (35) , 31991-31996. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.9b10160
    28. Shu Zhang, Jun Ma, Zhenglin Hu, Guanglei Cui, Liquan Chen. Identifying and Addressing Critical Challenges of High-Voltage Layered Ternary Oxide Cathode Materials. Chemistry of Materials 2019, 31 (16) , 6033-6065. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b01557
    29. Livia Giordano, Thomas M. Østergaard, Sokseiha Muy, Yang Yu, Nenian Charles, Soo Kim, Yirui Zhang, Filippo Maglia, Roland Jung, Isaac Lund, Jan Rossmeisl, Yang Shao-Horn. Ligand-Dependent Energetics for Dehydrogenation: Implications in Li-Ion Battery Electrolyte Stability and Selective Oxidation Catalysis of Hydrogen-Containing Molecules. Chemistry of Materials 2019, 31 (15) , 5464-5474. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b00767
    30. Dieky Susanto, Min Kyung Cho, Ghulam Ali, Ji-Young Kim, Hye Jung Chang, Hyung-Seok Kim, Kyung-Wan Nam, Kyung Yoon Chung. Anionic Redox Activity as a Key Factor in the Performance Degradation of NaFeO2 Cathodes for Sodium Ion Batteries. Chemistry of Materials 2019, 31 (10) , 3644-3651. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b00149
    31. Sara E. Renfrew, Bryan D. McCloskey. Quantification of Surface Oxygen Depletion and Solid Carbonate Evolution on the First Cycle of LiNi0.6Mn0.2Co0.2O2 Electrodes. ACS Applied Energy Materials 2019, 2 (5) , 3762-3772. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsaem.9b00459
    32. Han Gao, Jiyu Cai, Gui-Liang Xu, Luxi Li, Yang Ren, Xiangbo Meng, Khalil Amine, Zonghai Chen. Surface Modification for Suppressing Interfacial Parasitic Reactions of a Nickel-Rich Lithium-Ion Cathode. Chemistry of Materials 2019, 31 (8) , 2723-2730. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b04200
    33. Penghao Xiao, Tan Shi, Wenxuan Huang, Gerbrand Ceder. Understanding Surface Densified Phases in Ni-Rich Layered Compounds. ACS Energy Letters 2019, 4 (4) , 811-818. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsenergylett.9b00122
    34. Münir M. Besli, Sihao Xia, Saravanan Kuppan, Yiqing Huang, Michael Metzger, Alpesh Khushalchand Shukla, Gerhard Schneider, Sondra Hellstrom, Jake Christensen, Marca M. Doeff, Yijin Liu. Mesoscale Chemomechanical Interplay of the LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 Cathode in Solid-State Polymer Batteries. Chemistry of Materials 2019, 31 (2) , 491-501. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b04418
    35. Shuang Gao, Yang-Tse Cheng, Mona Shirpour. Effects of Cobalt Deficiency on Nickel-Rich Layered LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 Positive Electrode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2019, 11 (1) , 982-989. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.8b19349
    36. Xinhua Zhu, Reynier I. Revilla, Annick Hubin. Direct Correlation between Local Surface Potential Measured by Kelvin Probe Force Microscope and Electrochemical Potential of LiNi0.80Co0.15Al0.05O2 Cathode at Different State of Charge. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2018, 122 (50) , 28556-28563. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b10364
    37. Pinaki Mukherjee, Nicholas V. Faenza, Nathalie Pereira, Jim Ciston, Louis F. J. Piper, Glenn G. Amatucci, Frederic Cosandey. Surface Structural and Chemical Evolution of Layered LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 (NCA) under High Voltage and Elevated Temperature Conditions. Chemistry of Materials 2018, 30 (23) , 8431-8445. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b05305
    38. Hai Li, Dongqing Liu, Lihan Zhang, Kun Qian, Ruiying Shi, Feiyu Kang, Baohua Li. Combination Effect of Bulk Structure Change and Surface Rearrangement on the Electrochemical Kinetics of LiNi0.80Co0.15Al0.05O2 During Initial Charging Processes. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2018, 10 (48) , 41370-41379. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.8b15131
    39. Won-Jin Kwak, Nam-Yung Park, Yang-Kook Sun. ICAC 2018: The First International Conference Focused on NCM & NCA Cathode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries. ACS Energy Letters 2018, 3 (11) , 2757-2760. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsenergylett.8b01926
    40. Yang-Yang Wang, Yan-Yun Sun, Sheng Liu, Guo-Ran Li, Xue-Ping Gao. Na-Doped LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 with Excellent Stability of Both Capacity and Potential as Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries. ACS Applied Energy Materials 2018, 1 (8) , 3881-3889. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsaem.8b00630
    41. Peiyu Hou, Feng Li, Yanyun Sun, Huiqiao Li, Xijin Xu, Tianyou Zhai. Multishell Precursors Facilitated Synthesis of Concentration-Gradient Nickel-Rich Cathodes for Long-Life and High-Rate Lithium-Ion Batteries. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2018, 10 (29) , 24508-24515. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.8b06286
    42. Eibar Flores, Nathalie Vonrüti, Petr Novák, Ulrich Aschauer, Erik J. Berg. Elucidation of LixNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 Redox Chemistry by Operando Raman Spectroscopy. Chemistry of Materials 2018, 30 (14) , 4694-4703. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b01384
    43. Han Gao, Xiaoqiao Zeng, Yixin Hu, Vasiliki Tileli, Luxi Li, Yang Ren, Xiangbo Meng, Filippo Maglia, Peter Lamp, Sung-Jin Kim, Khalil Amine, Zonghai Chen. Modifying the Surface of a High-Voltage Lithium-Ion Cathode. ACS Applied Energy Materials 2018, 1 (5) , 2254-2260. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsaem.8b00323
    44. Chun-Han Lai, David S. Ashby, Terri C. Lin, Jonathan Lau, Andrew Dawson, Sarah H. Tolbert, Bruce S. Dunn. Application of Poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) as a Protective Coating for High Rate Cathode Materials. Chemistry of Materials 2018, 30 (8) , 2589-2599. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b05116
    45. Peiyu Hou, Feng Li, Yanyun Sun, Meiling Pan, Xiao Wang, Minghui Shao, Xijin Xu. Improving Li+ Kinetics and Structural Stability of Nickel-Rich Layered Cathodes by Heterogeneous Inactive-Al3+ Doping. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2018, 6 (4) , 5653-5661. https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b00909
    46. Bin Chen, Liubin Ben, Yuyang Chen, Hailong Yu, Hua Zhang, Wenwu Zhao, Xuejie Huang. Understanding the Formation of the Truncated Morphology of High-Voltage Spinel LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 via Direct Atomic-Level Structural Observations. Chemistry of Materials 2018, 30 (6) , 2174-2182. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b00769
    47. Sascha Nowak and Martin Winter . The Role of Cations on the Performance of Lithium Ion Batteries: A Quantitative Analytical Approach. Accounts of Chemical Research 2018, 51 (2) , 265-272. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.accounts.7b00523
    48. Hanlei Zhang, Brian M. May, Jon Serrano-Sevillano, Montse Casas-Cabanas, Jordi Cabana, Chongmin Wang, and Guangwen Zhou . Facet-Dependent Rock-Salt Reconstruction on the Surface of Layered Oxide Cathodes. Chemistry of Materials 2018, 30 (3) , 692-699. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b03901
    49. Bin Chen, Liubin Ben, Hailong Yu, Yuyang Chen, and Xuejie Huang . Understanding Surface Structural Stabilization of the High-Temperature and High-Voltage Cycling Performance of Al3+-Modified LiMn2O4 Cathode Material. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2018, 10 (1) , 550-559. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b14535
    50. Hanlei Zhang, Fredrick Omenya, M. Stanley Whittingham, Chongmin Wang, and Guangwen Zhou . Formation of an Anti-Core–Shell Structure in Layered Oxide Cathodes for Li-Ion Batteries. ACS Energy Letters 2017, 2 (11) , 2598-2606. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsenergylett.7b00921
    51. Aleksandr O. Kondrakov, Holger Geßwein, Kristina Galdina, Lea de Biasi, Velimir Meded, Elena O. Filatova, Gerhard Schumacher, Wolfgang Wenzel, Pascal Hartmann, Torsten Brezesinski, and Jürgen Janek . Charge-Transfer-Induced Lattice Collapse in Ni-Rich NCM Cathode Materials during Delithiation. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2017, 121 (44) , 24381-24388. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b06598
    52. Ming Liang, Dawei Song, Hongzhou Zhang, Xixi Shi, Qiang Wang, and Lianqi Zhang . Improved Performances of LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 Material Employing NaAlO2 as a New Aluminum Source. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2017, 9 (44) , 38567-38574. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b12306
    53. Benjamin K. Lesel, John B. Cook, Yan Yan, Terri C. Lin, and Sarah H. Tolbert . Using Nanoscale Domain Size To Control Charge Storage Kinetics in Pseudocapacitive Nanoporous LiMn2O4 Powders. ACS Energy Letters 2017, 2 (10) , 2293-2298. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsenergylett.7b00634
    54. Liubin Ben, Hailong Yu, Bin Chen, Yuyang Chen, Yue Gong, Xinan Yang, Lin Gu, and Xuejie Huang . Unusual Spinel-to-Layered Transformation in LiMn2O4 Cathode Explained by Electrochemical and Thermal Stability Investigation. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2017, 9 (40) , 35463-35475. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b11303
    55. Roland Jung, Michael Metzger, Filippo Maglia, Christoph Stinner, and Hubert A. Gasteiger . Chemical versus Electrochemical Electrolyte Oxidation on NMC111, NMC622, NMC811, LNMO, and Conductive Carbon. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2017, 8 (19) , 4820-4825. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b01927
    56. Hena Das, Alexander Urban, Wenxuan Huang, and Gerbrand Ceder . First-Principles Simulation of the (Li–Ni–Vacancy)O Phase Diagram and Its Relevance for the Surface Phases in Ni-Rich Li-Ion Cathode Materials. Chemistry of Materials 2017, 29 (18) , 7840-7851. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b02546
    57. Nicholas V. Faenza, Zachary W. Lebens-Higgins, Pinaki Mukherjee, Shawn Sallis, Nathalie Pereira, Fadwa Badway, Anna Halajko, Gerbrand Ceder, Frederic Cosandey, Louis. F. J. Piper, and Glenn G. Amatucci . Electrolyte-Induced Surface Transformation and Transition-Metal Dissolution of Fully Delithiated LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2. Langmuir 2017, 33 (37) , 9333-9353. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b00863
    58. Peiyu Hou, Hongzhou Zhang, Xiaolong Deng, Xijin Xu, and Lianqi Zhang . Stabilizing the Electrode/Electrolyte Interface of LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 through Tailoring Aluminum Distribution in Microspheres as Long-Life, High-Rate, and Safe Cathode for Lithium-Ion Batteries. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2017, 9 (35) , 29643-29653. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b05986
    59. Livia Giordano, Pinar Karayaylali, Yang Yu, Yu Katayama, Filippo Maglia, Simon Lux, and Yang Shao-Horn . Chemical Reactivity Descriptor for the Oxide-Electrolyte Interface in Li-Ion Batteries. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2017, 8 (16) , 3881-3887. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b01655
    60. Daniel Streich, Christoph Erk, Aurelie Guéguen, Philipp Müller, Frederick-Francois Chesneau, and Erik J. Berg . Operando Monitoring of Early Ni-mediated Surface Reconstruction in Layered Lithiated Ni–Co–Mn Oxides. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2017, 121 (25) , 13481-13486. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b02303
    61. Pengfei Yan, Jianming Zheng, Ji-Guang Zhang, and Chongmin Wang . Atomic Resolution Structural and Chemical Imaging Revealing the Sequential Migration of Ni, Co, and Mn upon the Battery Cycling of Layered Cathode. Nano Letters 2017, 17 (6) , 3946-3951. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01546
    62. Sooyeon Hwang, Yongho Lee, Eunmi Jo, Kyung Yoon Chung, Wonchang Choi, Seung Min Kim, and Wonyoung Chang . Investigation of Thermal Stability of P2–NaxCoO2 Cathode Materials for Sodium Ion Batteries Using Real-Time Electron Microscopy. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2017, 9 (22) , 18883-18888. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b04478
    63. Eunmi Jo, Sooyeon Hwang, Seung Min Kim, and Wonyoung Chang . Investigating the Kinetic Effect on Structural Evolution of LixNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 Cathode Materials during the Initial Charge/Discharge. Chemistry of Materials 2017, 29 (7) , 2708-2716. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b03282
    64. Hanlei Zhang, Khim Karki, Yiqing Huang, M. Stanley Whittingham, Eric A. Stach, and Guangwen Zhou . Atomic Insight into the Layered/Spinel Phase Transformation in Charged LiNi0.80Co0.15Al0.05O2 Cathode Particles. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2017, 121 (3) , 1421-1430. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b10220
    65. Zhongfeng Tang, Junjie Bao, Qingxia Du, Yu Shao, Minghao Gao, Bangkun Zou, and Chunhua Chen . Surface Surgery of the Nickel-Rich Cathode Material LiNi0.815Co0.15Al0.035O2: Toward a Complete and Ordered Surface Layered Structure and Better Electrochemical Properties. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2016, 8 (50) , 34879-34887. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.6b11431
    66. Jing Xu, Enyuan Hu, Dennis Nordlund, Apurva Mehta, Steven N. Ehrlich, Xiao-Qing Yang, and Wei Tong . Understanding the Degradation Mechanism of Lithium Nickel Oxide Cathodes for Li-Ion Batteries. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2016, 8 (46) , 31677-31683. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.6b11111
    67. Lingjun Li, Ming Xu, Qi Yao, Zhaoyong Chen, Liubin Song, Zhian Zhang, Chunhui Gao, Peng Wang, Ziyang Yu, and Yanqing Lai . Alleviating Surface Degradation of Nickel-Rich Layered Oxide Cathode Material by Encapsulating with Nanoscale Li-Ions/Electrons Superionic Conductors Hybrid Membrane for Advanced Li-Ion Batteries. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2016, 8 (45) , 30879-30889. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.6b09197
    68. Khim Karki, Yiqing Huang, Sooyeon Hwang, Andrew D. Gamalski, M. Stanley Whittingham, Guangwen Zhou, and Eric A. Stach . Tuning the Activity of Oxygen in LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 Battery Electrodes. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2016, 8 (41) , 27762-27771. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.6b09585
    69. Ieuan D. Seymour, David J. Wales, and Clare P. Grey . Preventing Structural Rearrangements on Battery Cycling: A First-Principles Investigation of the Effect of Dopants on the Migration Barriers in Layered Li0.5MnO2. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2016, 120 (35) , 19521-19530. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b05307
    70. Aziz Abdellahi, Alexander Urban, Stephen Dacek, and Gerbrand Ceder . Understanding the Effect of Cation Disorder on the Voltage Profile of Lithium Transition-Metal Oxides. Chemistry of Materials 2016, 28 (15) , 5373-5383. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b01438
    71. Ieuan D. Seymour, Derek S. Middlemiss, David M. Halat, Nicole M. Trease, Andrew J. Pell, and Clare P. Grey . Characterizing Oxygen Local Environments in Paramagnetic Battery Materials via 17O NMR and DFT Calculations. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2016, 138 (30) , 9405-9408. https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.6b05747
    72. Aziz Abdellahi, Alexander Urban, Stephen Dacek, and Gerbrand Ceder . The Effect of Cation Disorder on the Average Li Intercalation Voltage of Transition-Metal Oxides. Chemistry of Materials 2016, 28 (11) , 3659-3665. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b00205
    73. Jun Ma, Pu Hu, Guanglei Cui, and Liquan Chen . Surface and Interface Issues in Spinel LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4: Insights into a Potential Cathode Material for High Energy Density Lithium Ion Batteries. Chemistry of Materials 2016, 28 (11) , 3578-3606. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b00948
    74. Ziying Wang, Dhamodaran Santhanagopalan, Wei Zhang, Feng Wang, Huolin L. Xin, Kai He, Juchuan Li, Nancy Dudney, and Ying Shirley Meng . In Situ STEM-EELS Observation of Nanoscale Interfacial Phenomena in All-Solid-State Batteries. Nano Letters 2016, 16 (6) , 3760-3767. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b01119
    75. Masihhur R. Laskar, David H. K. Jackson, Yingxin Guan, Shenzhen Xu, Shuyu Fang, Mark Dreibelbis, Mahesh K. Mahanthappa, Dane Morgan, Robert J. Hamers, and Thomas F. Kuech . Atomic Layer Deposition of Al2O3–Ga2O3 Alloy Coatings for Li[Ni0.5Mn0.3Co0.2]O2 Cathode to Improve Rate Performance in Li-Ion Battery. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2016, 8 (16) , 10572-10580. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.5b11878
    76. Hongbin Xie, Ke Du, Guorong Hu, Zhongdong Peng, and Yanbing Cao . The Role of Sodium in LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 Cathode Material and Its Electrochemical Behaviors. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2016, 120 (6) , 3235-3241. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b12407
    77. Jun Yang and Yongyao Xia . Suppressing the Phase Transition of the Layered Ni-Rich Oxide Cathode during High-Voltage Cycling by Introducing Low-Content Li2MnO3. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2016, 8 (2) , 1297-1308. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.5b09938
    78. Magali Gauthier, Thomas J. Carney, Alexis Grimaud, Livia Giordano, Nir Pour, Hao-Hsun Chang, David P. Fenning, Simon F. Lux, Odysseas Paschos, Christoph Bauer, Filippo Maglia, Saskia Lupart, Peter Lamp, and Yang Shao-Horn . Electrode–Electrolyte Interface in Li-Ion Batteries: Current Understanding and New Insights. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2015, 6 (22) , 4653-4672. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.5b01727
    79. Sooyeon Hwang, Seung Min Kim, Seong-Min Bak, Kyung Yoon Chung, and Wonyoung Chang . Investigating the Reversibility of Structural Modifications of LixNiyMnzCo1–y–zO2 Cathode Materials during Initial Charge/Discharge, at Multiple Length Scales. Chemistry of Materials 2015, 27 (17) , 6044-6052. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b02457
    80. Sooyeon Hwang, Seung Min Kim, Seong-Min Bak, Se Young Kim, Byung-Won Cho, Kyung Yoon Chung, Jeong Yong Lee, Eric A. Stach, and Wonyoung Chang . Using Real-Time Electron Microscopy To Explore the Effects of Transition-Metal Composition on the Local Thermal Stability in Charged LixNiyMnzCo1–y–zO2 Cathode Materials. Chemistry of Materials 2015, 27 (11) , 3927-3935. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b00709
    81. Jianming Zheng, Wang Hay Kan, and Arumugam Manthiram . Role of Mn Content on the Electrochemical Properties of Nickel-Rich Layered LiNi0.8–xCo0.1Mn0.1+xO2 (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 0.08) Cathodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2015, 7 (12) , 6926-6934. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.5b00788
    82. Jianming Zheng, Pinghong Xu, Meng Gu, Jie Xiao, Nigel D. Browning, Pengfei Yan, Chongmin Wang, and Ji-Guang Zhang . Structural and Chemical Evolution of Li- and Mn-Rich Layered Cathode Material. Chemistry of Materials 2015, 27 (4) , 1381-1390. https://doi.org/10.1021/cm5045978
    83. Pengfei Yan, Anmin Nie, Jianming Zheng, Yungang Zhou, Dongping Lu, Xiaofeng Zhang, Rui Xu, Ilias Belharouak, Xiaotao Zu, Jie Xiao, Khalil Amine, Jun Liu, Fei Gao, Reza Shahbazian-Yassar, Ji-Guang Zhang, and Chong-Min Wang . Evolution of Lattice Structure and Chemical Composition of the Surface Reconstruction Layer in Li1.2Ni0.2Mn0.6O2 Cathode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries. Nano Letters 2015, 15 (1) , 514-522. https://doi.org/10.1021/nl5038598
    84. Mingxiang Lin, Liubin Ben, Yang Sun, Hao Wang, Zhenzhong Yang, Lin Gu, Xiqian Yu, Xiao-Qing Yang, Haofei Zhao, Richeng Yu, Michel Armand, and Xuejie Huang . Insight into the Atomic Structure of High-Voltage Spinel LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 Cathode Material in the First Cycle. Chemistry of Materials 2015, 27 (1) , 292-303. https://doi.org/10.1021/cm503972a
    85. Sooyeon Hwang, Seung Min Kim, Seong-Min Bak, Byung-Won Cho, Kyung Yoon Chung, Jeong Yong Lee, Wonyoung Chang, and Eric A. Stach . Investigating Local Degradation and Thermal Stability of Charged Nickel-Based Cathode Materials through Real-Time Electron Microscopy. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2014, 6 (17) , 15140-15147. https://doi.org/10.1021/am503278f
    86. Daichun Tang, Yang Sun, Zhenzhong Yang, Liubin Ben, Lin Gu, and Xuejie Huang . Surface Structure Evolution of LiMn2O4 Cathode Material upon Charge/Discharge. Chemistry of Materials 2014, 26 (11) , 3535-3543. https://doi.org/10.1021/cm501125e
    87. Jillian M. Buriak (Editor-in-Chief). Titles and Table of Contents Images: The Candy Store Analogy. Chemistry of Materials 2014, 26 (3) , 1289-1290. https://doi.org/10.1021/cm500170v
    88. Jiahao Zhang, Zao Zeng, Siyi Wang, Tingting Han, Jianwen Liu, Shiquan Wang, Hongying Liu, Lin Li. Bimetallic synergistic modified layer promotes the cyclic stability of LiCoO2 under 4.6 V high voltage. Journal of Energy Storage 2024, 95 , 112522. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.est.2024.112522
    89. Zi Wang, Lei Li, Hyunjee Heo, Lulin Ren, Yumeng Wei, Kyuyeon Lee, Hao Tian, Zhengzheng Xu, Zhihua Sun, Taehee Kim, Hongxun Yang, Hyung-Ho Park. Synthesis and characterization of core–shell high-nickel cobalt-free layered LiNi0.95Mg0.02Al0.03O2@Li2ZrO3 cathode for high-performance lithium ion batteries. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 2024, 666 , 424-433. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2024.04.045
    90. Manojkumar Seenivasan, Chun–Chen Yang, She-Huang Wu, Jeng-Kuei Chang, Rajan Jose. Systematic study of Co-free LiNi0.9Mn0.07Al0.03O2 Ni-rich cathode materials to realize high-energy density Li-ion batteries. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 2024, 661 , 1070-1081. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2024.02.040
    91. Wenshi Zheng, Shuangyan Lu, Hao Wang, Heming He. Enhancing performance and stability of LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 cathode via Na/Y dual doping for Lithium-Ion batteries. Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry 2024, 961 , 118221. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelechem.2024.118221
    92. Jinxing Li, Yujuan Zhang, Xinping Chen, Lisi Lu, Hao Liu, Fei Gao, Shengli An, Xindong Wang, Xinping Qiu. Quenching-Induced Ultrathin LiF-Rich Interphases on LiNi 0.8 Co 0.1 Mn 0.1 O 2 Cathode. Journal of The Electrochemical Society 2024, 171 (5) , 050528. https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ad4420
    93. Haoran Jiang, Cuihua Zeng, Wei Zhu, Jiawei Luo, Zhedong Liu, Jingchao Zhang, Rui Liu, Yunhua Xu, Yanan Chen, Wenbin Hu. Boosting cycling stability by regulating surface oxygen vacancies of LNMO by rapid calcination. Nano Research 2024, 17 (4) , 2671-2677. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-023-6076-1
    94. Jianguo Liu, Baohui Li, Jinghang Cao, Xiao Xing, Gan Cui. Challenges in Li-ion battery high-voltage technology and recent advances in high-voltage electrolytes. Journal of Energy Chemistry 2024, 91 , 73-98. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jechem.2023.12.011
    95. Fukui Zhang, Changjun Wu, Kou Li, Tao Deng. A Comparative Analysis on Thermal Stability of Delithiated Nickel-Rich LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 and LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 in Pouch Cells. Journal of Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage 2024, 21 (1) https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4062318
    96. Jiahao Zhang, Zeng Zao, Siyi Wang, Tingting Han, Jianwen Liu, hongying liu, Lin Li, Shiquan Wang. Bimetallic Synergistic Modified Layer Promotes the Cyclic Stability of Licoo2 Under 4.6 V High Voltage. 2024https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4799747
    97. Geon‐Tae Park, Su‐Bin Kim, Been Namkoong, Ji‐Hyun Ryu, Jung‐In Yoon, Nam‐Yung Park, Myoung‐Chan Kim, Sang‐Mun Han, Filippo Maglia, Yang‐Kook Sun. Intergranular Shielding for Ultrafine‐Grained Mo‐Doped Ni‐Rich Li[Ni 0.96 Co 0.04 ]O 2 Cathode for Li‐Ion Batteries with High Energy Density and Long Life. Angewandte Chemie 2023, 135 (52) https://doi.org/10.1002/ange.202314480
    98. Geon‐Tae Park, Su‐Bin Kim, Been Namkoong, Ji‐Hyun Ryu, Jung‐In Yoon, Nam‐Yung Park, Myoung‐Chan Kim, Sang‐Mun Han, Filippo Maglia, Yang‐Kook Sun. Intergranular Shielding for Ultrafine‐Grained Mo‐Doped Ni‐Rich Li[Ni 0.96 Co 0.04 ]O 2 Cathode for Li‐Ion Batteries with High Energy Density and Long Life. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2023, 62 (52) https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.202314480
    99. Hengming Yang, Linxin He, Zhaoming Yang, Qingchun Chen, Guoquan Jiang, Junchao Zhu, Rui Xue, Nan Qiu, Yuan Wang. Design optimization of spinel-rocksalt intergrown high entropy oxide structure for enhanced electrochemical properties. Journal of Alloys and Compounds 2023, 968 , 172135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2023.172135
    100. Liga Britala, Mario Marinaro, Gints Kucinskis. A review of the degradation mechanisms of NCM cathodes and corresponding mitigation strategies. Journal of Energy Storage 2023, 73 , 108875. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.est.2023.108875
    Load more citations