ACS Publications. Most Trusted. Most Cited. Most Read
My Activity
CONTENT TYPES

Figure 1Loading Img

Climate Impact of Biofuels in Shipping: Global Model Studies of the Aerosol Indirect Effect

View Author Information
Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany
International Pacific Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822, United States
*Phone: +49 8153 28 1813. E-mail: [email protected]
Cite this: Environ. Sci. Technol. 2011, 45, 8, 3519–3525
Publication Date (Web):March 23, 2011
https://doi.org/10.1021/es1036157
Copyright © 2011 American Chemical Society

    Article Views

    1214

    Altmetric

    -

    Citations

    LEARN ABOUT THESE METRICS
    Other access options
    Supporting Info (1)»

    Abstract

    Abstract Image

    Aerosol emissions from international shipping are recognized to have a large impact on the Earth’s radiation budget, directly by scattering and absorbing solar radiation and indirectly by altering cloud properties. New regulations have recently been approved by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) aiming at progressive reductions of the maximum sulfur content allowed in marine fuels from current 4.5% by mass down to 0.5% in 2020, with more restrictive limits already applied in some coastal regions. In this context, we use a global bottom-up algorithm to calculate geographically resolved emission inventories of gaseous (NOx, CO, SO2) and aerosol (black carbon, organic matter, sulfate) species for different kinds of low-sulfur fuels in shipping. We apply these inventories to study the resulting changes in radiative forcing, attributed to particles from shipping, with the global aerosol-climate model EMAC-MADE. The emission factors for the different fuels are based on measurements at a test bed of a large diesel engine. We consider both fossil fuel (marine gas oil) and biofuels (palm and soy bean oil) as a substitute for heavy fuel oil in the current (2006) fleet and compare their climate impact to that resulting from heavy fuel oil use. Our simulations suggest that ship-induced surface level concentrations of sulfate aerosol are strongly reduced, up to about 40−60% in the high-traffic regions. This clearly has positive consequences for pollution reduction in the vicinity of major harbors. Additionally, such reductions in the aerosol loading lead to a decrease of a factor of 3−4 in the indirect global aerosol effect induced by emissions from international shipping.

    Read this article

    To access this article, please review the available access options below.

    Get instant access

    Purchase Access

    Read this article for 48 hours. Check out below using your ACS ID or as a guest.

    Recommended

    Access through Your Institution

    You may have access to this article through your institution.

    Your institution does not have access to this content. You can change your affiliated institution below.

    Supporting Information

    ARTICLE SECTIONS
    Jump To

    Details on the SeaKLIM algorithm and emission factors, and a brief description of the EMAC-MADE global model. This material is available free of charge via the Internet at http://pubs.acs.org.

    Terms & Conditions

    Most electronic Supporting Information files are available without a subscription to ACS Web Editions. Such files may be downloaded by article for research use (if there is a public use license linked to the relevant article, that license may permit other uses). Permission may be obtained from ACS for other uses through requests via the RightsLink permission system: http://pubs.acs.org/page/copyright/permissions.html.

    Cited By

    This article is cited by 45 publications.

    1. Fan Zhang, Yingjun Chen, Qi Chen, Yanli Feng, Yu shang, Xin Yang, Huiwang Gao, Chongguo Tian, Jun Li, Gan Zhang, Volker Matthias, Zhiyong Xie. Real-World Emission Factors of Gaseous and Particulate Pollutants from Marine Fishing Boats and Their Total Emissions in China. Environmental Science & Technology 2018, 52 (8) , 4910-4919. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b04002
    2. Marianne T. Lund, Terje K. Berntsen, and Jan S. Fuglestvedt . Climate Impacts of Short-Lived Climate Forcers versus CO2 from Biodiesel: A Case of the EU on-Road Sector. Environmental Science & Technology 2014, 48 (24) , 14445-14454. https://doi.org/10.1021/es505308g
    3. Marianne Tronstad Lund, Veronika Eyring, Jan Fuglestvedt, Johannes Hendricks, Axel Lauer, David Lee, and Mattia Righi . Global-Mean Temperature Change from Shipping toward 2050: Improved Representation of the Indirect Aerosol Effect in Simple Climate Models. Environmental Science & Technology 2012, 46 (16) , 8868-8877. https://doi.org/10.1021/es301166e
    4. Andreas Petzold, Peter Lauer, Uwe Fritsche, Jan Hasselbach, Michael Lichtenstern, Hans Schlager, and Fritz Fleischer . Operation of Marine Diesel Engines on Biogenic Fuels: Modification of Emissions and Resulting Climate Effects. Environmental Science & Technology 2011, 45 (24) , 10394-10400. https://doi.org/10.1021/es2021439
    5. Daniel A. Lack, Christopher D. Cappa, Justin Langridge, Roya Bahreini, Gina Buffaloe, Charles Brock, Kate Cerully, Derek Coffman, Katherine Hayden, John Holloway, Brian Lerner, Paola Massoli, Shao-Meng Li, Robert McLaren, Ann M. Middlebrook, Richard Moore, Athanasios Nenes, Ibraheem Nuaaman, Timothy B. Onasch, Jeff Peischl, Anne Perring, Patricia K. Quinn, Tom Ryerson, Joshua P. Schwartz, Ryan Spackman, Steven C. Wofsy, Doug Worsnop, Bin Xiang, and Eric Williams . Impact of Fuel Quality Regulation and Speed Reductions on Shipping Emissions: Implications for Climate and Air Quality. Environmental Science & Technology 2011, 45 (20) , 9052-9060. https://doi.org/10.1021/es2013424
    6. Graham Feingold, Virendra P. Ghate, Lynn M. Russell, Peter Blossey, Will Cantrell, Matthew W. Christensen, Michael S. Diamond, Andrew Gettelman, Franziska Glassmeier, Edward Gryspeerdt, James Haywood, Fabian Hoffmann, Colleen M. Kaul, Matthew Lebsock, Allison C. McComiskey, Daniel T. McCoy, Yi Ming, Johannes Mülmenstädt, Anna Possner, Prasanth Prabhakaran, Patricia K. Quinn, K. Sebastian Schmidt, Raymond A. Shaw, Clare E. Singer, Armin Sorooshian, Velle Toll, Jessica S. Wan, Robert Wood, Fan Yang, Jianhao Zhang, Xue Zheng. Physical science research needed to evaluate the viability and risks of marine cloud brightening. Science Advances 2024, 10 (12) https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.adi8594
    7. Bei Wang, Qing Liu, Lei Wang, Yongjun Chen, Jisheng Wang. A review of the port carbon emission sources and related emission reduction technical measures. Environmental Pollution 2023, 320 , 121000. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2023.121000
    8. Michael S. Diamond. Detection of large-scale cloud microphysical changes within a major shipping corridor after implementation of the International Maritime Organization 2020 fuel sulfur regulations. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2023, 23 (14) , 8259-8269. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-8259-2023
    9. Mattia Righi, Johannes Hendricks, Sabine Brinkop. The global impact of the transport sectors on the atmospheric aerosol and the resulting climate effects under the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSPs). Earth System Dynamics 2023, 14 (4) , 835-859. https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-14-835-2023
    10. Karsten Peters, Johannes Quaas, Philip Stier, Hartmut Graßl. Processes limiting the emergence of detectable aerosol indirect effects on tropical warm clouds in global aerosol-climate model and satellite data. Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology 2022, 66 (1) , 24054. https://doi.org/10.3402/tellusb.v66.24054
    11. Anh Tuan Hoang, Aoife M. Foley, Sandro Nižetić, Zuohua Huang, Hwai Chyuan Ong, Aykut I. Ölçer, Van Viet Pham, Xuan Phuong Nguyen. Energy-related approach for reduction of CO2 emissions: A critical strategy on the port-to-ship pathway. Journal of Cleaner Production 2022, 355 , 131772. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.131772
    12. Min Xu, Zirui Liu, Bo Hu, Guangxuan Yan, Jianan Zou, Shuman Zhao, Jingxiang Zhou, Xianhui Liu, Xueping Zheng, Xiaoyan Zhang, Jing Cao, Mengshuang Guan, Yirong Lv, Yanyun Zhang. Chemical characterization and source identification of PM2.5 in Luoyang after the clean air actions. Journal of Environmental Sciences 2022, 115 , 265-276. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jes.2021.06.021
    13. Vinicius Andrade dos Santos, Patrícia Pereira da Silva, Luís Manuel Ventura Serrano. The Maritime Sector and Its Problematic Decarbonization: A Systematic Review of the Contribution of Alternative Fuels. Energies 2022, 15 (10) , 3571. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15103571
    14. Dalia M.M. Yacout, Mats Tysklind, Venkata K.K. Upadhyayula. Assessment of forest-based biofuels for Arctic marine shipping. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 2021, 174 , 105763. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2021.105763
    15. Yangzhou Wu, Dantong Liu, Xiaotong Wang, Siyuan Li, Jiale Zhang, Hao Qiu, Shuo Ding, Kang Hu, Weijun Li, Ping Tian, Quan Liu, Delong Zhao, Endian Ma, Meiting Chen, Honghui Xu, Bin Ouyang, Ying Chen, Shaofei Kong, Xinlei Ge, Huan Liu. Ambient marine shipping emissions determined by vessel operation mode along the East China Sea. Science of The Total Environment 2021, 769 , 144713. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.144713
    16. Yikun Yang, Chuanfeng Zhao, Quan Wang, Zhiyuan Cong, Xingchuan Yang, Hao Fan. Aerosol characteristics at the three poles of the Earth as characterized by Cloud–Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2021, 21 (6) , 4849-4868. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-4849-2021
    17. Chunrong Chen, Haixu Zhang, Haiyan Li, Nana Wu, Qiang Zhang. Chemical characteristics and source apportionment of ambient PM1.0 and PM2.5 in a polluted city in North China plain. Atmospheric Environment 2020, 242 , 117867. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2020.117867
    18. Hui Xing, Stephen Spence, Hua Chen. A comprehensive review on countermeasures for CO2 emissions from ships. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2020, 134 , 110222. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2020.110222
    19. Michael S. Diamond, Hannah M. Director, Ryan Eastman, Anna Possner, Robert Wood. Substantial Cloud Brightening From Shipping in Subtropical Low Clouds. AGU Advances 2020, 1 (1) https://doi.org/10.1029/2019AV000111
    20. Mattia Righi, Johannes Hendricks, Ulrike Lohmann, Christof Gerhard Beer, Valerian Hahn, Bernd Heinold, Romy Heller, Martina Krämer, Michael Ponater, Christian Rolf, Ina Tegen, Christiane Voigt. Coupling aerosols to (cirrus) clouds in the global EMAC-MADE3 aerosol–climate model. Geoscientific Model Development 2020, 13 (3) , 1635-1661. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-13-1635-2020
    21. C. Blanco-Alegre, A.I. Calvo, E. Coz, A. Castro, F. Oduber, A.S.H. Prévôt, G. Močnik, R. Fraile. Quantification of source specific black carbon scavenging using an aethalometer and a disdrometer. Environmental Pollution 2019, 246 , 336-345. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2018.11.102
    22. Luís Augusto Barbosa Cortez, Telma Teixeira Franco, Antonio Bonomi. Future Perspectives of Sugarcane Biofuels. 2019, 445-460. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-18597-8_19
    23. Min Cui, Cheng Li, Yingjun Chen, Fan Zhang, Jun Li, Bin Jiang, Yangzhi Mo, Jia Li, Caiqing Yan, Mei Zheng, Zhiyong Xie, Gan Zhang, Junyu Zheng. Molecular characterization of polar organic aerosol constituents in off-road engine emissions using Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS): implications for source apportionment. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2019, 19 (22) , 13945-13956. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-13945-2019
    24. Catherine C. Ivanovich, Ilissa B. Ocko, Pedro Piris-Cabezas, Annie Petsonk. Climate benefits of proposed carbon dioxide mitigation strategies for international shipping and aviation. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2019, 19 (23) , 14949-14965. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-14949-2019
    25. J. Christopher Kaiser, Johannes Hendricks, Mattia Righi, Patrick Jöckel, Holger Tost, Konrad Kandler, Bernadett Weinzierl, Daniel Sauer, Katharina Heimerl, Joshua P. Schwarz, Anne E. Perring, Thomas Popp. Global aerosol modeling with MADE3 (v3.0) in EMAC (based on v2.53): model description and evaluation. Geoscientific Model Development 2019, 12 (1) , 541-579. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-12-541-2019
    26. Johannes Hendricks, Mattia Righi, Katrin Dahlmann, Klaus-Dirk Gottschaldt, Volker Grewe, Michael Ponater, Robert Sausen, Dirk Heinrichs, Christian Winkler, Axel Wolfermann, Tatjana Kampffmeyer, Rainer Friedrich, Matthias Klötzke, Ulrike Kugler. Quantifying the climate impact of emissions from land-based transport in Germany. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment 2018, 65 , 825-845. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2017.06.003
    27. Mikhail Sofiev, James J. Winebrake, Lasse Johansson, Edward W. Carr, Marje Prank, Joana Soares, Julius Vira, Rostislav Kouznetsov, Jukka-Pekka Jalkanen, James J. Corbett. Cleaner fuels for ships provide public health benefits with climate tradeoffs. Nature Communications 2018, 9 (1) https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-02774-9
    28. Qinjian Jin, Benjamin S. Grandey, Daniel Rothenberg, Alexander Avramov, Chien Wang. Impacts on cloud radiative effects induced by coexisting aerosols converted from international shipping and maritime DMS emissions. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2018, 18 (22) , 16793-16808. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-16793-2018
    29. Anna Possner, Hailong Wang, Robert Wood, Ken Caldeira, Thomas P. Ackerman. The efficacy of aerosol–cloud radiative perturbations from near-surface emissions in deep open-cell stratocumuli. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2018, 18 (23) , 17475-17488. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-17475-2018
    30. A. Possner, E. Zubler, U. Lohmann, C. Schär. The resolution dependence of cloud effects and ship‐induced aerosol‐cloud interactions in marine stratocumulus. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 2016, 121 (9) , 4810-4829. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JD024685
    31. Fan Zhang, Yingjun Chen, Chongguo Tian, Diming Lou, Jun Li, Gan Zhang, Volker Matthias. Emission factors for gaseous and particulate pollutants from offshore diesel engine vessels in China. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2016, 16 (10) , 6319-6334. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-6319-2016
    32. A. Possner, E. Zubler, U. Lohmann, C. Schär. Real-case simulations of aerosol–cloud interactions in ship tracks over the Bay of Biscay. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2015, 15 (4) , 2185-2201. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-2185-2015
    33. M. Righi, J. Hendricks, R. Sausen. The global impact of the transport sectors on atmospheric aerosol in 2030 – Part 1: Land transport and shipping. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2015, 15 (2) , 633-651. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-633-2015
    34. Xia Jiang, Senlin Yang, Wangling Li. Biodesulfurization of Model Compounds and De-asphalted Bunker Oil by Mixed Culture. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology 2014, 172 (1) , 62-72. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12010-013-0494-6
    35. C. D. Cappa, E. J. Williams, D. A. Lack, G. M. Buffaloe, D. Coffman, K. L. Hayden, S. C. Herndon, B. M. Lerner, S.-M. Li, P. Massoli, R. McLaren, I. Nuaaman, T. B. Onasch, P. K. Quinn. A case study into the measurement of ship emissions from plume intercepts of the NOAA ship Miller Freeman. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2014, 14 (3) , 1337-1352. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-14-1337-2014
    36. J. C. Kaiser, J. Hendricks, M. Righi, N. Riemer, R. A. Zaveri, S. Metzger, V. Aquila. The MESSy aerosol submodel MADE3 (v2.0b): description and a box model test. Geoscientific Model Development 2014, 7 (3) , 1137-1157. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-7-1137-2014
    37. K. Peters, P. Stier, J. Quaas, H. Graßl. Corrigendum to "Aerosol indirect effects from shipping emissions: sensitivity studies with the global aerosol-climate model ECHAM-HAM" published in Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 5985–6007, 2012. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2013, 13 (13) , 6429-6430. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-13-6429-2013
    38. M. Righi, J. Hendricks, R. Sausen. The global impact of the transport sectors on atmospheric aerosol: simulations for year 2000 emissions. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2013, 13 (19) , 9939-9970. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-13-9939-2013
    39. Rebecca J. Sheesley, Elena Kirillova, August Andersson, Martin Kruså, P. S. Praveen, Krishnakant Budhavant, P. D. Safai, P. S. P. Rao, Örjan Gustafsson. Year‐round radiocarbon‐based source apportionment of carbonaceous aerosols at two background sites in South Asia. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 2012, 117 (D10) https://doi.org/10.1029/2011JD017161
    40. Selma Bengtsson, Erik Fridell, Karin Andersson. Environmental assessment of two pathways towards the use of biofuels in shipping. Energy Policy 2012, 44 , 451-463. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2012.02.030
    41. Johannes Hendricks, Mattia Righi, Valentina Aquila. Global Atmospheric Aerosol Modeling. 2012, 561-576. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-30183-4_34
    42. Robert Sausen, Klaus Gierens, Veronika Eyring, Johannes Hendricks, Mattia Righi. Climate Impact of Transport. 2012, 711-725. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-30183-4_43
    43. Arlene M. Fiore, Vaishali Naik, Dominick V. Spracklen, Allison Steiner, Nadine Unger, Michael Prather, Dan Bergmann, Philip J. Cameron-Smith, Irene Cionni, William J. Collins, Stig Dalsøren, Veronika Eyring, Gerd A. Folberth, Paul Ginoux, Larry W. Horowitz, Béatrice Josse, Jean-François Lamarque, Ian A. MacKenzie, Tatsuya Nagashima, Fiona M. O'Connor, Mattia Righi, Steven T. Rumbold, Drew T. Shindell, Ragnhild B. Skeie, Kengo Sudo, Sophie Szopa, Toshihiko Takemura, Guang Zeng. Global air quality and climate. Chemical Society Reviews 2012, 41 (19) , 6663. https://doi.org/10.1039/c2cs35095e
    44. Siwatt Pongpiachan, Kanjana Thumanu, Warangkana Na Pattalung, Phoosak Hirunyatrakul, Itthipon Kittikoon, Kin Fai Ho, Junji Cao. Diurnal Variation and Spatial Distribution Effects on Sulfur Speciation in Aerosol Samples as Assessed by X-Ray Absorption Near-Edge Structure (XANES). Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry 2012, 2012 , 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/696080
    45. K. Peters, P. Stier, J. Quaas, H. Graßl. Aerosol indirect effects from shipping emissions: sensitivity studies with the global aerosol-climate model ECHAM-HAM. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2012, 12 (13) , 5985-6007. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-12-5985-2012

    Pair your accounts.

    Export articles to Mendeley

    Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

    Pair your accounts.

    Export articles to Mendeley

    Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

    You’ve supercharged your research process with ACS and Mendeley!

    STEP 1:
    Click to create an ACS ID

    Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

    Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

    Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

    MENDELEY PAIRING EXPIRED
    Your Mendeley pairing has expired. Please reconnect