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Magnesium Nanowires:  Enhanced Kinetics for Hydrogen Absorption and Desorption

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Institute of New Energy Material Chemistry, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, People's Republic of China
Cite this: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2007, 129, 21, 6710–6711
Publication Date (Web):May 9, 2007
Copyright © 2007 American Chemical Society

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    Mg nanowires with the diameters of 30−50 nm, 80−100 nm, and 150−170 nm, which were prepared via a vapor-transport method, exhibited enhanced kinetics for hydrogen absorption/desorption. The present results clearly show that thinner Mg/MgH2 nanowires have a much lower desorption energy than that of thicker nanowires or bulk Mg/MgH2, indicating that changes in kinetics and thermodynamics are expected if the diameters of the nanowires are thinner than 30 nm.

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    Schematic diagram for the preparation of Mg nanowires, XRD patterns of Mg nanowires before and after the first hydriding process, BET measurements, Arrhenius plots for the hydriding and dehydriding kinetics of samples 1−3, van't Hoff curve of sample 1, TEM images of samples 1 after 3 and 10 cycles of hydriding and dehydriding. This material is available free of charge via the Internet at

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