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Toward Complementary Ionic Circuits: The npn Ion Bipolar Junction Transistor

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Department of Science and Technology, Organic Electronics, Linköping University, SE-601 74 Norrköping, Sweden
Cite this: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 26, 10141–10145
Publication Date (Web):May 20, 2011
Copyright © 2011 American Chemical Society

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    Many biomolecules are charged and may therefore be transported with ionic currents. As a step toward addressable ionic delivery circuits, we report on the development of a npn ion bipolar junction transistor (npn-IBJT) as an active control element of anionic currents in general, and specifically, demonstrate actively modulated delivery of the neurotransmitter glutamic acid. The functional materials of this transistor are ion exchange layers and conjugated polymers. The npn-IBJT shows stable transistor characteristics over extensive time of operation and ion current switch times below 10 s. Our results promise complementary chemical circuits similar to the electronic equivalence, which has proven invaluable in conventional electronic applications.

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    Text describing experimental details and figures showing transient electrode potential measurements and microscope images of Glu detection. This material is available free of charge via the Internet at

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