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Facile Mechanosynthesis of Amorphous Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks

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Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3QZ, U.K.
§ ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Harwell Oxford, Didcot OX11 0QX, U.K.
# Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1EW, U.K.
Cite this: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 37, 14546–14549
Publication Date (Web):August 17, 2011
Copyright © 2011 American Chemical Society

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    A fast and efficient mechanosynthesis (ball-milling) method of preparing amorphous zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs) from different starting materials is discussed. Using X-ray total scattering, N2 sorption analysis, and gas pycnometry, these frameworks are indistinguishable from one another and from temperature-amorphized ZIFs. Gas sorption analysis also confirms that they are nonporous once formed, in contrast to activated ZIF-4, which displays interesting gate-opening behavior. Nanoparticles of a prototypical nanoporous substituted ZIF, ZIF-8, were also prepared and shown to undergo amorphization.

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