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Predictive Design Model for Low-Dimensional Organic–Inorganic Halide Perovskites Assisted by Machine Learning

Cite this: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2021, 143, 32, 12766–12776
Publication Date (Web):August 6, 2021
https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.1c05441
Copyright © 2021 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    Low-dimensional organic–inorganic halide perovskites have attracted interest for their properties in exciton dynamics, broad-band emission, magnetic spin selectivity. However, there is no quantitative model for predicting the structure-directing effect of organic cations on the dimensionality of these low-dimensional perovskites. Here, we report a machine learning (ML)-assisted approach to predict the dimensionality of lead iodide-based perovskites. A literature review reveals 86 reported amines that are classified into “2D”-forming and “non-2D”-forming based on the dimensionality of their perovskites. Machining learning models were trained and tested based on the classification and descriptor features of these ammonium cations. Four structural features, including steric effect index, eccentricity, largest ring size, and hydrogen-bond donor, have been identified as the key controlling factors. On the basis of these features, a quantified equation is created to calculate the probability of forming 2D perovskite for a selected amine. To further illustrate its predicting capability, the built model is applied to several untested amines, and the predicted dimensionality is verified by growing single crystals of perovskites from these amines. This work represents a step toward predicting the crystal structures of low dimensional hybrid halide perovskites using ML as a tool.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge at https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/jacs.1c05441.

    • Figure S1–S5, Table S1–S3, feature calculation demonstration and experimental details (PDF)

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    CCDC 20858552085858 and 2086052 contain the supplementary crystallographic data for this paper. These data can be obtained free of charge via www.ccdc.cam.ac.uk/data_request/cif, or by emailing [email protected], or by contacting The Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre, 12 Union Road, Cambridge CB2 1EZ, UK; fax: +44 1223 336033.

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