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Block-Copolymer-Controlled Growth of CaCO3 Microrings

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Division of Nanomaterials and Chemistry, Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale, the Structure Research Laboratory of CAS, the School of Chemistry and Materials, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, People's Republic of China, and Department of Colloid Chemistry, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, MPI Research Campus Golm, D-14424 Potsdam, Germany
Cite this: J. Phys. Chem. B 2006, 110, 13, 6432–6436
Publication Date (Web):March 14, 2006
https://doi.org/10.1021/jp0606199
Copyright © 2006 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    A novel way for directed solution growth of hollow superstructures of CaCO3 has been successfully developed on the basis of controlled self-assembly and polymer concentration gradients using a double-hydrophilic block copolymer with a hydrophobic modification as a directing agent. A formation mechanism of such rings is proposed on the basis of the formation of CaCO3 nanoparticles in unstructured block copolymer assemblies with subsequent aggregation of these primary nanoparticles. This leads to the formation of a polymer concentration gradient from the inside to the outside of the particle. As the polymer contains multiple chelating units, this leads to a selective dissolution of the center of the particle.

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     University of Science and Technology of China.

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     To whom correspondence should be addressed. Fax:  + 86 551 3603040 (S.-H.Y.); +49 331 567 9502 (H.C.). E-mail:  [email protected] (S.-H.Y.); [email protected] (H.C.).

     Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces.

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    TEM image of an initial polymer solution, XRD patterns of CaCO3 mesostructures precipitated in the different solutions with varied polymer concentration, and SEM images of the dissolution experiments of typical calcite crystals in a PEG-b-PEIPA-C17 solution. This material is available free of charge via the Internet at http://pubs.acs.org.

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