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LiMnPO4 Nanoplate Grown via Solid-State Reaction in Molten Hydrocarbon for Li-Ion Battery Cathode

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Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 902 Battelle Boulevard P.O. Box 999, Richland, Washington 99352
Small Scale Systems Integration and Packaging Center, State University of New York at Binghamton, P.O. Box 6000, Binghamton, NY 13902
* To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: [email protected]. Phone: 509-375-4341. Fax: 509-375-4448.
§Present address: The Pennsylvania State University, Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, University Park, PA 16802.
Cite this: Nano Lett. 2010, 10, 8, 2799–2805
Publication Date (Web):July 19, 2010
Copyright © 2010 American Chemical Society

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    Electrochemically active LiMnPO4 nanoplates have been synthesized via a novel, single-step, solid-state reaction in molten hydrocarbon. The olivine-structured LiMnPO4 nanoplates with a thickness of ∼50 nm appear porous and were formed as nanocrystals were assembled and grew into nanorods along the [010] direction in the (100) plane. After carbon coating, the prepared LiMnPO4 cathode demonstrated a flat potential at 4.1 V versus Li with a specific capacity reaching as high as 168 mAh/g under a galvanostatic charging/discharging mode, along with an excellent cyclability.

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