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1.6 V Nanogenerator for Mechanical Energy Harvesting Using PZT Nanofibers

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Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stevens Institute of Technology, Castle Point on Hudson, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030
Princeton Institute for the Science and Technology of Materials (PRISM), Princeton University, 70 Prospect Avenue, Princeton, New Jersey 08540
* Corresponding authors. E-mail: [email protected] (X. C.), [email protected] (Y. S.), [email protected] (N. Y.).
Cite this: Nano Lett. 2010, 10, 6, 2133–2137
Publication Date (Web):May 25, 2010
Copyright © 2010 American Chemical Society

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    Energy harvesting technologies that are engineered to miniature sizes, while still increasing the power delivered to wireless electronics, (1, 2) portable devices, stretchable electronics, (3) and implantable biosensors, (4, 5) are strongly desired. Piezoelectric nanowire- and nanofiber-based generators have potential uses for powering such devices through a conversion of mechanical energy into electrical energy. (6) However, the piezoelectric voltage constant of the semiconductor piezoelectric nanowires in the recently reported piezoelectric nanogenerators (7-12) is lower than that of lead zirconate titanate (PZT) nanomaterials. Here we report a piezoelectric nanogenerator based on PZT nanofibers. The PZT nanofibers, with a diameter and length of approximately 60 nm and 500 μm, were aligned on interdigitated electrodes of platinum fine wires and packaged using a soft polymer on a silicon substrate. The measured output voltage and power under periodic stress application to the soft polymer was 1.63 V and 0.03 μW, respectively.

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    The fabrication process figure, nanofiber alignment by controlling the electric field during the electrospinning figure, optical microscope image of PZT nanofibers aligned on the platinum electrode and output voltage during tests figures. Details about the establishment of the strain along the PZT nanofibers using mathematical and finite element method. This material is available free of charge via the Internet at

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