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Signature of Helimagnetic Ordering in Single-Crystal MnSi Nanowires

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Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin − Madison, 1101 University Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53706
* To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: [email protected]
Cite this: Nano Lett. 2010, 10, 5, 1605–1610
Publication Date (Web):April 13, 2010
https://doi.org/10.1021/nl904042m
Copyright © 2010 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    We report the synthesis, structural characterization, and magnetotransport of single-crystalline nanowires of manganese monosilicide, MnSi. Bulk MnSi has unusual magnetic orderings, helimagnetism, and skyrmions at ambient pressure, and high pressure studies have revealed partial magnetic ordering and non-Fermi liquid behavior. MnSi nanowires were synthesized using chemical vapor deposition of MnCl2 onto silicon substrates. The morphology, structure, and composition of these nanowires were analyzed using electron microscopy and X-ray spectroscopy. The low-temperature magnetoresistance characteristics of MnSi nanowires reveal the first signature of helimagnetism in one-dimensional nanomaterials.

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    Cross-sectional SEM of “pits” on growth substrates, SEM of nanowire bases, SEM, HRTEM, and SAED of MnSi1.8 nanoribbons observed at elevated growth temperatures, reprinted magnetoresistance behaviors of MnSi reported in a bulk single-crystal, and magnetotransport of a second MnSi NW device. This material is available free of charge via the Internet at http://pubs.acs.org.

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