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Chemically Synthesized Heterostructures of Two-Dimensional Molybdenum/Tungsten-Based Dichalcogenides with Vertically Aligned Layers

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Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, United States
Micro/Nano Fabrication Laboratory, PRISM, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, United States
§ Energy Sciences Institute, Yale University West Campus, West Haven, Connecticut 06477, United States
*Address correspondence to [email protected]
Cite this: ACS Nano 2014, 8, 9, 9550–9557
Publication Date (Web):August 25, 2014
https://doi.org/10.1021/nn503853a
Copyright © 2014 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    We demonstrate a one-step, facile chemical synthesis of heterostructures based on two-dimensional (2D) transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) with vertically aligned 2D layers. Specifically, by using a chemical vapor transport method, we synthesize molybdenum (Mo)/tungsten (W)-based disulfide and diselenide heterostructures, such as MoS2/WS2 and MoSe2/WSe2. Detailed structural characterizations reveal that the 2D layers of two different TMDCs are vertically standing/aligned exposing the edge sites of the layers. The TMDC heterostructure materials exhibit a high uniformity of structural/chemical heterogeneity over a large area (>1 cm2) and show anisotropic carrier transport properties. These materials with unique heterostructures have great implications for both technological applications and fundamental sciences.

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    HAADF characterizations of MoS2 and WS2 with vertically aligned 2D layers and anisotropic carrier transport for MoS2/WS2 heterostructure film. This material is available free of charge via the Internet at http://pubs.acs.org.

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