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RETURN TO ISSUEPREVC: Chemical and Cata...C: Chemical and Catalytic Reactivity at InterfacesNEXT

Mechanistic Origin of Selective Methane to Methanol Oxidation on Vanadium-Doped Mesoporous Amorphous Silica Photocatalyst

Cite this: J. Phys. Chem. C 2023, 127, 22, 10488–10498
Publication Date (Web):May 26, 2023
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.3c00663
Copyright © 2023 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    Selective direct oxidation of methane to methanol is an important reaction for efficient utilization of natural gas. Photocatalytic routes for methane oxidation processes have advantages over traditional thermal catalysis as they can be more easily deployed at small-scale and remote off-grid sites, potentially reducing the rate of methane release and flaring. Hu and co-workers identified single-site vanadium-doped mesoporous amorphous silica photocatalysis which demonstrated methane conversion with high methanol selectivity ( J. Photochem. Photobiol., A 2013, 264, 48−55, DOI: 10.1016/j.jphotochem.2013.05.005). Photocatalysts using amorphous SiO2 frameworks are significantly less studied than other heterogeneous photocatalysts. As a result, computational studies are important for elucidating mechanisms in order to gain fundamental understanding as to how amorphous SiO2-based photocatalysts can be used for partial oxidation of methane. This work uses density functional theory to establish the reaction barriers associated with the photocatalytic methane to methanol reaction combined with microkinetic modeling. The work is able to elucidate the role of terminal versus bridging oxygens at the photocatalytic center in enhancing photocatalytic efficiency. In addition, avoiding non-Mars–van Krevelen reaction pathways, in which the oxygen vacancy is filled before methanol is formed, is found to be important, owing to overstabilization of reaction intermediates leading to subsequent high energy reaction barriers. Finally, the amorphous SiO2 surface is found to modify reaction barriers by stabilizing intermediates through dispersion and preventing the photocatalytic center from forming the optimum coordination geometry.

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    • Optimized geometries of intermediates and transition structures, additional images of structures and noncovalent interactions, microkinetic modeling rate equations and plots (PDF)

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    Cited By

    This article is cited by 1 publications.

    1. Clint N. Evrard, Lee M. Thompson. Reactivity of Group 5 and 6 Single-Site Photocatalysts for Partial Oxidation of Methane: Comparison of Chromium, Niobium, and Tungsten-Doped Mesoporous Amorphous Silica. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 2023, 127 (33) , 6974-6988. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpca.3c04289