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Single-Molecule Identification of Quenched and Unquenched States of LHCII

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Department of Chemistry, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, United States
Department of Physics, University of Pretoria, Private bag X20, Hatfield 0028, South Africa
§ Department of Physics and Astronomy, Faculty of Sciences, VU University Amsterdam and LaserLab Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1081, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
*E-mail: [email protected] (G.S.S.-C.).
*E-mail: [email protected] (W.E.M.).
Cite this: J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2015, 6, 5, 860–867
Publication Date (Web):February 18, 2015
Copyright © 2015 American Chemical Society

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    In photosynthetic light harvesting, absorbed sunlight is converted to electron flow with near-unity quantum efficiency under low light conditions. Under high light conditions, plants avoid damage to their molecular machinery by activating a set of photoprotective mechanisms to harmlessly dissipate excess energy as heat. To investigate these mechanisms, we study the primary antenna complex in green plants, light-harvesting complex II (LHCII), at the single-complex level. We use a single-molecule technique, the Anti-Brownian Electrokinetic trap, which enables simultaneous measurements of fluorescence intensity, lifetime, and spectra in solution. With this approach, including the first measurements of fluorescence lifetime on single LHCII complexes, we access the intrinsic conformational dynamics. In addition to an unquenched state, we identify two partially quenched states of LHCII. Our results suggest that there are at least two distinct quenching sites with different molecular compositions, meaning multiple dissipative pathways in LHCII. Furthermore, one of the quenched conformations significantly increases in relative population under environmental conditions mimicking high light.

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    Additional methods, sample characterization, and discussion of the molecular mechanism of state II. This material is available free of charge via the Internet at

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