ACS Publications. Most Trusted. Most Cited. Most Read
My Activity

Strong Coupling Between Plasmons and Molecular Excitons in Metal–Organic Frameworks

Cite this: Nano Lett. 2021, 21, 18, 7775–7780
Publication Date (Web):September 7, 2021
Copyright © 2021 American Chemical Society

    Article Views





    Other access options
    Supporting Info (1)»


    Abstract Image

    This Letter describes strong coupling of densely packed molecular emitters in metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) and plasmonic nanoparticle (NP) lattices. Porphyrin-derived ligands with small transition dipole moments in an ordered MOF film were grown on Ag NP arrays. Angle-resolved optical measurements of the MOF-NP lattice system showed the formation of a polariton that is lower in energy and does not cross the uncoupled MOF Q1 band. Modeling predicted the upper polariton energy and a calculated Rabi splitting of 110 meV. The coupling strength was systematically controlled by detuning the plasmon energy by changing the refractive index of the solvents infiltrating the MOF pores. Through transient absorption spectroscopy, we found that the lower polariton decays quickly at shorter time scales (<500 ps) and slowly at longer times because of energy transfer from the upper polariton. This hybrid system demonstrates how MOFs can function as an accessible excitonic material for polariton chemistry.

    Read this article

    To access this article, please review the available access options below.

    Get instant access

    Purchase Access

    Read this article for 48 hours. Check out below using your ACS ID or as a guest.


    Access through Your Institution

    You may have access to this article through your institution.

    Your institution does not have access to this content. You can change your affiliated institution below.

    Supporting Information

    Jump To

    The Supporting Information is available free of charge at

    • Materials, fabrication and measurement information, X-ray diffraction data, modeling details, additional transient absorption and angle-resolved measurements, transient absorption decay fitting (PDF)

    Terms & Conditions

    Electronic Supporting Information files are available without a subscription to ACS Web Editions. The American Chemical Society holds a copyright ownership interest in any copyrightable Supporting Information. Files available from the ACS website may be downloaded for personal use only. Users are not otherwise permitted to reproduce, republish, redistribute, or sell any Supporting Information from the ACS website, either in whole or in part, in either machine-readable form or any other form without permission from the American Chemical Society. For permission to reproduce, republish and redistribute this material, requesters must process their own requests via the RightsLink permission system. Information about how to use the RightsLink permission system can be found at

    Cited By

    This article is cited by 15 publications.

    1. Giovanni Parolin, Nicola Peruffo, Fabrizio Mancin, Elisabetta Collini, Stefano Corni. Molecularly Detailed View of Strong Coupling in Supramolecular Plexcitonic Nanohybrids. Nano Letters 2024, 24 (7) , 2273-2281.
    2. Hiroki Takeuchi, Keisuke Imaeda, Sou Ryuzaki, Kosei Ueno. Exploring Hybrid States and Their Ultrafast Dynamics in Exciton–Plasmon Strong Coupling Systems. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2024, 128 (6) , 2567-2576.
    3. Qingqing Cheng, Jian Yang, Lichao Sun, Chuang Liu, Guizeng Yang, Yunlong Tao, Xuehao Sun, Binbin Zhang, Hongxing Xu, Qingfeng Zhang. Tuning the Plexcitonic Optical Chirality Using Discrete Structurally Chiral Plasmonic Nanoparticles. Nano Letters 2023, 23 (23) , 11376-11384.
    4. Francisco Freire-Fernández, Thaddeus Reese, Dongjoon Rhee, Jun Guan, Ran Li, Richard D. Schaller, George C. Schatz, Teri W. Odom. Quasi-Random Multimetallic Nanoparticle Arrays. ACS Nano 2023, 17 (21) , 21905-21911.
    5. Rahul Bhuyan, Jürgen Mony, Oleg Kotov, Gabriel W. Castellanos, Jaime Gómez Rivas, Timur O. Shegai, Karl Börjesson. The Rise and Current Status of Polaritonic Photochemistry and Photophysics. Chemical Reviews 2023, 123 (18) , 10877-10919.
    6. Linrui Jin, Alexander D. Sample, Dewei Sun, Yao Gao, Shibin Deng, Ran Li, Letian Dou, Teri W. Odom, Libai Huang. Enhanced Two-Dimensional Exciton Propagation via Strong Light–Matter Coupling with Surface Lattice Plasmons. ACS Photonics 2023, 10 (6) , 1983-1991.
    7. Blake S. Simpkins, Adam D. Dunkelberger, Igor Vurgaftman. Control, Modulation, and Analytical Descriptions of Vibrational Strong Coupling. Chemical Reviews 2023, 123 (8) , 5020-5048.
    8. Alexander D. Sample, Jun Guan, Jingtian Hu, Francisco Freire-Fernández, Sang-Min Park, Richard D. Schaller, George C. Schatz, Teri W. Odom. Polariton Formation from Soret Band Excitons in Metal–Organic Frameworks and Plasmonic Lattices. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2022, 126 (44) , 18778-18783.
    9. Buddini I. Karawdeniya, Adam M. Damry, Krishnan Murugappan, Shridhar Manjunath, Y. M. Nuwan D. Y. Bandara, Colin J. Jackson, Antonio Tricoli, Dragomir Neshev. Surface Functionalization and Texturing of Optical Metasurfaces for Sensing Applications. Chemical Reviews 2022, 122 (19) , 14990-15030.
    10. Jun Guan, Jeong-Eun Park, Shikai Deng, Max J. H. Tan, Jingtian Hu, Teri W. Odom. Light–Matter Interactions in Hybrid Material Metasurfaces. Chemical Reviews 2022, 122 (19) , 15177-15203.
    11. Xiaohong Li, Li Lou, Yuqing Li, Guosheng Zhang, Yingxin Hua, Wei Li, Hai-Tian Zhang, Ming Yue, Xiangyi Zhang. Macroscopic Gradient Ordered α-Fe/Pr2Fe14B Nanocomposites with Ultrahigh Energy Density. Nano Letters 2022, 22 (18) , 7644-7650.
    12. Jeong-Eun Park, Rafael López-Arteaga, Alexander D. Sample, Charles R. Cherqui, Ioannis Spanopoulos, Jun Guan, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis, George C. Schatz, Emily A. Weiss, Teri W. Odom. Polariton Dynamics in Two-Dimensional Ruddlesden–Popper Perovskites Strongly Coupled with Plasmonic Lattices. ACS Nano 2022, 16 (3) , 3917-3925.
    13. Raja Ghosh, Francesco Paesani. Connecting the dots for fundamental understanding of structure–photophysics–property relationships of COFs, MOFs, and perovskites using a Multiparticle Holstein Formalism. Chemical Science 2023, 14 (5) , 1040-1064.
    14. Ruomeng Wan, Dong-Gwang Ha, Jin-Hu Dou, Woo Seok Lee, Tianyang Chen, Julius J. Oppenheim, Jian Li, William A. Tisdale, Mircea Dincă. Dipole-mediated exciton management strategy enabled by reticular chemistry. Chemical Science 2022, 13 (36) , 10792-10797.
    15. Benedikt Zerulla, Marjan Krstić, Dominik Beutel, Christof Holzer, Christof Wöll, Carsten Rockstuhl, Ivan Fernandez‐Corbaton. A Multi‐Scale Approach for Modeling the Optical Response of Molecular Materials Inside Cavities. Advanced Materials 2022, 34 (21) , 2200350.

    Pair your accounts.

    Export articles to Mendeley

    Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

    Pair your accounts.

    Export articles to Mendeley

    Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

    You’ve supercharged your research process with ACS and Mendeley!

    STEP 1:
    Click to create an ACS ID

    Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

    Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

    Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

    Your Mendeley pairing has expired. Please reconnect