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Sn Nanoparticles Confined in Porous Silica Spheres for Enhanced Thermal Cyclic Stability

  • Shilei Zhu
    Shilei Zhu
    Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Kita 13 Nishi 8, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-8628, Japan
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  • Mai Thanh Nguyen
    Mai Thanh Nguyen
    Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Kita 13 Nishi 8, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-8628, Japan
  • Koji Fumoto
    Koji Fumoto
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Science and Engineering, Aoyama Gakuin University, 5-10-1 Fuchinobe, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5258, Japan
    More by Koji Fumoto
  • Kiyoshi Kanie
    Kiyoshi Kanie
    Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, 2-1-1, Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8577, Japan
  • Atsushi Muramatsu
    Atsushi Muramatsu
    Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, 2-1-1, Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8577, Japan
  • , and 
  • Tetsu Yonezawa*
    Tetsu Yonezawa
    Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Kita 13 Nishi 8, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-8628, Japan
    *E-mail: [email protected]. Fax: +81-11-706-7110.
Cite this: ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 2018, 1, 8, 4073–4082
Publication Date (Web):July 24, 2018
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsanm.8b00698
Copyright © 2018 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    We report a facile method for preparing a silica (SiO2)-based material containing Sn nanoparticles (NPs) distributed inside for enhancing the thermal cyclic stability of the inserted Sn NPs. Absorption of a Sn precursor (i.e., an aqueous SnCl2 solution) into a mesoporous SiO2 matrix resulted in confinement of the Sn precursor in a mesoporous SiO2 matrix. Hydrogen thermal reduction of the above composite yielded Sn nanoparticles with a diameter of ca. 30 nm uniformly distributed inside porous SiO2 (p-SiO2) spheres: Sn NPs@p-SiO2. Our investigation of the transformation of the porous SiO2 structure to hold Sn NPs revealed that the process was closely related to the transformation of the amorphous hydrolyzed Sn precursor into Sn oxides followed by, probably, the rearrangement of the SiO2 matrix via its interaction with the melting Sn. This led to the formation of stable Sn NPs@p-SiO2. The SiO2 matrix effectively prevented the coalescence of the Sn NPs, and the obtained product exhibited negligible changes in melting behavior during the second to 100th cycle of a freeze–melt cycle test.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acsanm.8b00698.

    • Crystalline size of SnO2 in p-SiO2 with different annealing temperatures; estimation of the amount of Sn in Sn@p-SiO2; TEM images of alkaline-etched Sn NPs@p-SiO2 and size histogram of Sn NPs; TGA results for Sn@p-SiO2 in air; estimation of the amount of Sn in Sn@p-SiO2; TEM images of calcined porous silica spheres; XRD results for SnCl2@p-SiO2 prepared using water and ethanol as the solvents for impregnation of the Sn precursor; TEM images of SnCl2@p-SiO2 using water as the solvent for impregnation; comparison TEM images and XRD patterns of Sn@p-SiO2 using ethanol as the solvent for impregnation of the Sn precursor; TG-DTA results for anhydrous SnCl2 powder in N2; increase in the size of Sn nanoparticles with increasing reduction temperature; TGA results for bulk tin for 10 melt–freeze cycles;  model for calculating the melting temperature; example of the DSC curve for the 5th cycle in the 220−245 °C range during 100 melt-freeze cycles for calculating the enthalpy of melting (PDF)

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    Cited By

    This article is cited by 11 publications.

    1. Ge Cao, Yonghao Chen, Chengwei Jiang, Jiatong Xu, Wei Xue, He Zhang, Yanqing Tian. Synthesis of Citrate-Capped Sn Nanoparticles with Excellent Oxidation Resistance for High-Performance Electrically Conductive Adhesives. ACS Applied Electronic Materials 2023, 5 (2) , 1164-1173. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsaelm.2c01622
    2. Shilei Zhu, Dan Deng, Mai Thanh Nguyen, Yuen-ting Rachel Chau, Cheng-Yen Wen, Tetsu Yonezawa. Synthesis of Au@Cu2O Core–Shell Nanoparticles with Tunable Shell Thickness and Their Degradation Mechanism in Aqueous Solutions. Langmuir 2020, 36 (13) , 3386-3392. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.0c00382
    3. Shilei Zhu, Mai Thanh Nguyen, Tomoharu Tokunaga, Tetsu Yonezawa. Size-Tunable Alumina-Encapsulated Sn-Based Phase Change Materials for Thermal Energy Storage. ACS Applied Nano Materials 2019, 2 (6) , 3752-3760. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsanm.9b00649
    4. Lei Zhang, Kezhen Chen, Huarong Chen, Xiangyun Han, Chenqian Liu, Lingdan Qiao, Wenwei Wu, Bairen Yang. Elucidating the promoting advantages and fundamentals for their creation in Sn-modified commercial CrOx/Al2O3 catalyst for propane dehydrogenation. Chemical Engineering Journal 2024, 483 , 149366. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2024.149366
    5. Ziqing Zhou, Fei Yu, Jie Ma. Nanoconfinement engineering for enchanced adsorption of carbon materials, metal–organic frameworks, mesoporous silica, MXenes and porous organic polymers: a review. Environmental Chemistry Letters 2022, 20 (1) , 563-595. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-021-01355-z
    6. Waseem Aftab, Ali Usman, Jinming Shi, Kunjie Yuan, Mulin Qin, Ruqiang Zou. Phase change material-integrated latent heat storage systems for sustainable energy solutions. Energy & Environmental Science 2021, 14 (8) , 4268-4291. https://doi.org/10.1039/D1EE00527H
    7. Shilei Zhu, Mai Thanh Nguyen, Tetsu Yonezawa. Micro- and nano-encapsulated metal and alloy-based phase-change materials for thermal energy storage. Nanoscale Advances 2021, 3 (16) , 4626-4645. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0NA01008A
    8. Zahoor H. Farooqi, Anam Masaud, Robina Begum, Ahmad Irfan. Physicochemical aspects of reduction of 3-Nitroaniline using methacrylamide based nano-hybrid catalyst. Chemical Physics Letters 2020, 759 , 137992. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cplett.2020.137992
    9. Shilei Zhu, Mai Thanh Nguyen, Tomoharu Tokunaga, Cheng-Yen Wen, Tetsu Yonezawa. In situ TEM observation of liquid-state Sn nanoparticles vanishing in a SiO 2 structure: a potential synthetic tool for controllable morphology evolution from core–shell to yolk–shell and hollow structures. Nanoscale Advances 2020, 2 (4) , 1456-1464. https://doi.org/10.1039/C9NA00782B
    10. Sakthivel Jayaraman, Anita R. Warrier. Polymer encapsulated Sn nanoparticles for the effective adsorption of ramazol reactive blue textile dyes. 2020, 030110. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0017605
    11. Tetsu YONEZAWA. Development of New Metal Latent Heat Storage System. Hosokawa Powder Technology Foundation ANNUAL REPORT 2018, 26 (0) , 140-144. https://doi.org/10.14356/hptf.16123

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