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Photonic Encryption Platform via Dual-Band Vectorial Metaholograms in the Ultraviolet and Visible

  • Joohoon Kim
    Joohoon Kim
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang 37673, Republic of Korea
    More by Joohoon Kim
  • Dongmin Jeon
    Dongmin Jeon
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang 37673, Republic of Korea
    More by Dongmin Jeon
  • Junhwa Seong
    Junhwa Seong
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang 37673, Republic of Korea
    More by Junhwa Seong
  • Trevon Badloe
    Trevon Badloe
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang 37673, Republic of Korea
  • Nara Jeon
    Nara Jeon
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang 37673, Republic of Korea
    More by Nara Jeon
  • Gyeongtae Kim
    Gyeongtae Kim
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang 37673, Republic of Korea
  • Jaekyung Kim
    Jaekyung Kim
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang 37673, Republic of Korea
    More by Jaekyung Kim
  • Sangwon Baek
    Sangwon Baek
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang 37673, Republic of Korea
    More by Sangwon Baek
  • Jong-Lam Lee
    Jong-Lam Lee
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang 37673, Republic of Korea
    More by Jong-Lam Lee
  • , and 
  • Junsuk Rho*
    Junsuk Rho
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang 37673, Republic of Korea
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang 37673, Republic of Korea
    POSCO-POSTECH-RIST Convergence Research Center for Flat Optics and Metaphotonics, Pohang 37673, Republic of Korea
    National Institute of Nanomaterials Technology (NINT), Pohang 37673, Republic of Korea
    *E-mail: [email protected]
    More by Junsuk Rho
Cite this: ACS Nano 2022, 16, 3, 3546–3553
Publication Date (Web):February 19, 2022
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.1c10100
Copyright © 2022 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    Metasurface-driven optical encryption devices have attracted much attention. Here, we propose a dual-band vectorial metahologram in the visible and ultraviolet (UV) regimes for optical encryption. Nine polarization-encoded vectorial holograms are observed under UV laser illumination, while another independent hologram appears under visible laser illumination. The proposed engineered silicon nitride, which is transparent in UV, is employed to demonstrate the UV hologram. Nine holographic images for different polarization states are encoded using a pixelated metasurface. The dual-band metahologram is experimentally implemented by stacking the individual metasurfaces that operate in the UV and visible. The visible hologram can be decrypted to provide the first key, a polarization state, which is used to decode the password hidden in the UV vectorial hologram through the use of an analyzer. Considering the property of UV to be invisible to the naked eye, the multiple polarization channels of the vectorial hologram, and the dual-band decoupling, the demonstrated dual-band vectorial hologram device could be applied in various high-security and anticounterfeiting applications.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge at https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsnano.1c10100.

    • Optimization of the silicon nitride deposition conditions, effect of the spacer thickness on efficiency, simulated efficiency of meta-atoms for UV and visible, simulated efficiency of the silicon-rich SiNx meta-atom, simulated results for suppressing the unwanted grating effect, target holography image and retrieved phase maps, flow diagram of the designing of the nine-channel vectorial hologram, detailed information on overlay alignment markers, fabrication method of the single-layer dielectric metasurface, cross-talk of the dual-band hologram, optical setup for the dual-band hologram (PDF)

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    This article is cited by 51 publications.

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