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Silicon Carbide Photonics Bridging Quantum Technology

  • Stefania Castelletto*
    Stefania Castelletto
    School of Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria 3001, Australia
    *E-mail: [email protected]
  • Alberto Peruzzo
    Alberto Peruzzo
    Quantum Photonics Laboratory and Centre for Quantum Computation and Communication Technology, School of Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria 3001, Australia
  • Cristian Bonato
    Cristian Bonato
    Institute of Photonics and Quantum Sciences, SUPA, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, United Kingdom
  • Brett C. Johnson
    Brett C. Johnson
    Quantum Photonics Laboratory and Centre for Quantum Computation and Communication Technology, School of Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria 3001, Australia
  • Marina Radulaski
    Marina Radulaski
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Davis, California 95616, United States
  • Haiyan Ou
    Haiyan Ou
    DTU Fotonik, Technical University of Denmark, Ørsteds Plads, Building 343, DK-2800 Kongens, Lyngby, Denmark
    More by Haiyan Ou
  • Florian Kaiser
    Florian Kaiser
    3rd Institute of Physics, IQST, and Research Center SCoPE, University of Stuttgart, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
  • , and 
  • Joerg Wrachtrup
    Joerg Wrachtrup
    3rd Institute of Physics, IQST, and Research Center SCoPE, University of Stuttgart, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
Cite this: ACS Photonics 2022, 9, 5, 1434–1457
Publication Date (Web):April 18, 2022
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsphotonics.1c01775
Copyright © 2022 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

    Abstract Image

    In the last two decades, bulk, homoepitaxial, and heteroepitaxial growth of silicon carbide (SiC) has witnessed many advances, giving rise to electronic devices widely used in high-power and high-frequency applications. Recent research has revealed that SiC also exhibits unique optical properties that can be utilized for novel photonic devices. SiC is a transparent material from the UV to the infrared, possess nonlinear optical properties from the visible to the mid-infrared and it is a meta-material in the mid-infrared range. SiC fluorescence due to color centers can be associated with single photon emitters and can be used as spin qubits for quantum computation and communication networks and quantum sensing. This unique combination of excellent electronic, photonic and spintronic properties has prompted research to develop novel devices and sensors in the quantum technology domain. In this perspective, we highlight progress, current trends and prospects of SiC science and technology underpinning the development of classical and quantum photonic devices. Specifically, we lay out the main steps recently undertaken to achieve high quality photonic components, and outline some of the current challenges SiC faces to establish its relevance as a viable photonic technology. We will also focus on its unique potential to bridge the gap between classical and quantum photonics, and to technologically advance quantum sensing applications. We will finally provide an outlook on possible alternative applications where photonics, electronics, and spintronics could merge.

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    Cited By

    This article is cited by 16 publications.

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    2. Jingwei Li, Ruixuan Wang, Adnan A. Afridi, Yaoqin Lu, Xiaodong Shi, Wenhan Sun, Haiyan Ou, Qing Li. Efficient Raman Lasing and Raman–Kerr Interaction in an Integrated Silicon Carbide Platform. ACS Photonics 2024, 11 (2) , 795-800. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsphotonics.3c01750
    3. Irina N. Gracheva, Fadis F. Murzakhanov, Georgy V. Mamin, Margarita A. Sadovnikova, Bulat F. Gabbasov, Evgeniy N. Mokhov, Marat R. Gafurov. Symmetry of the Hyperfine and Quadrupole Interactions of Boron Vacancies in a Hexagonal Boron Nitride. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2023, 127 (7) , 3634-3639. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.2c08716
    4. Andrea Mancini, Lin Nan, Fedja J. Wendisch, Rodrigo Berté, Haoran Ren, Emiliano Cortés, Stefan A. Maier. Near-Field Retrieval of the Surface Phonon Polariton Dispersion in Free-Standing Silicon Carbide Thin Films. ACS Photonics 2022, 9 (11) , 3696-3704. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsphotonics.2c01270
    5. Pranta Saha, Sridhar Majety, Marina Radulaski. Utilizing photonic band gap in triangular silicon carbide structures for efficient quantum nanophotonic hardware. Scientific Reports 2023, 13 (1) https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-31362-9
    6. Fei-Fei Yan, Jun-Feng Wang, Zhen-Xuan He, Qiang Li, Wu-Xi Lin, Ji-Yang Zhou, Jin-Shi Xu, Chuan-Feng Li, Guang-Can Guo. Magnetic-field-dependent spin properties of divacancy defects in silicon carbide. Nanoscale 2023, 15 (11) , 5300-5304. https://doi.org/10.1039/D2NR06624F
    7. Sridhar Majety, Stefan Strohauer, Pranta Saha, Fabian Wietschorke, Jonathan J Finley, Kai Müller, Marina Radulaski. Triangular quantum photonic devices with integrated detectors in silicon carbide. Materials for Quantum Technology 2023, 3 (1) , 015004. https://doi.org/10.1088/2633-4356/acc302
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    9. Luigi Sirleto, Giancarlo C. Righini. An Introduction to Nonlinear Integrated Photonics Devices: Nonlinear Effects and Materials. Micromachines 2023, 14 (3) , 604. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi14030604
    10. Yanan Yuan, Liangling Wang, Xiaojun Cui, Feng Peng. Lattice damage and helium bubbles formation in KTaO 3 crystals induced by helium ion implantation. Modern Physics Letters B 2023, 37 (04) https://doi.org/10.1142/S0217984922502116
    11. Xiaodong Shi, Yaoqin Lu, Haiyan Ou. High-performance silicon carbide polarization beam splitting based on an asymmetric directional couplers for mode conversion. Optics Letters 2023, 48 (3) , 616. https://doi.org/10.1364/OL.481314
    12. Haiyan Ou, Xiaodong Shi, Yaoqin Lu, Manuel Kollmuss, Johannes Steiner, Vincent Tabouret, Mikael Syväjärvi, Peter Wellmann, Didier Chaussende. Novel Photonic Applications of Silicon Carbide. Materials 2023, 16 (3) , 1014. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma16031014
    13. Faraz Ahmed Inam, Stefania Castelletto. Metal-Dielectric Nanopillar Antenna-Resonators for Efficient Collected Photon Rate from Silicon Carbide Color Centers. Nanomaterials 2023, 13 (1) , 195. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano13010195
    14. Xiaodong Shi, Yaoqin Lu, Nianhua Peng, Karsten Rottwitt, Haiyan Ou. High-Performance Polarization-Independent Beam Splitters and MZI in Silicon Carbide Integrated Platforms for Single-Photon Manipulation. Journal of Lightwave Technology 2022, 40 (23) , 7626-7633. https://doi.org/10.1109/JLT.2022.3169661
    15. Anouar Rahmouni, Lijun Ma, Lutong Cai, Xiao Tang, Thomas Gerrits, Qing Li, Oliver Slattery, , . Towards entangled photon pair generation from SiC-based microring resonator. 2022, 16. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2632597
    16. Keith Powell, Jianfu Wang, Amirhassan Shams-Ansari, Bin-Kai Liao, Debin Meng, Neil Sinclair, Liwei Li, Jiangdong Deng, Marko Lončar, Xiaoke Yi. Optical bi-stability in cubic silicon carbide microring resonators. Optics Express 2022, 30 (19) , 34149. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.469529

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