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Two-Dimensional Material Tunnel Barrier for Josephson Junctions and Superconducting Qubits

  • Kan-Heng Lee
    Kan-Heng Lee
    School of Applied and Engineering Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, United States
    Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, United States
    More by Kan-Heng Lee
  • Srivatsan Chakram
    Srivatsan Chakram
    James Franck Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, United States
    Department of Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, United States
  • Shi En Kim
    Shi En Kim
    Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, United States
    More by Shi En Kim
  • Fauzia Mujid
    Fauzia Mujid
    Department of Chemistry, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, United States
    More by Fauzia Mujid
  • Ariana Ray
    Ariana Ray
    School of Applied and Engineering Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, United States
    More by Ariana Ray
  • Hui Gao
    Hui Gao
    Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, United States
    Department of Chemistry, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, United States
    More by Hui Gao
  • Chibeom Park
    Chibeom Park
    James Franck Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, United States
    Department of Chemistry, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, United States
    More by Chibeom Park
  • Yu Zhong
    Yu Zhong
    Department of Chemistry, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, United States
    More by Yu Zhong
  • David A. Muller
    David A. Muller
    School of Applied and Engineering Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, United States
  • David I. Schuster*
    David I. Schuster
    Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, United States
    James Franck Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, United States
    Department of Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, United States
    *E-mail: [email protected]
  • , and 
  • Jiwoong Park*
    Jiwoong Park
    Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, United States
    James Franck Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, United States
    Department of Chemistry, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, United States
    *E-mail: [email protected]
    More by Jiwoong Park
Cite this: Nano Lett. 2019, 19, 11, 8287–8293
Publication Date (Web):October 29, 2019
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.9b03886
Copyright © 2019 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    Quantum computing based on superconducting qubits requires the understanding and control of the materials, device architecture, and operation. However, the materials for the central circuit element, the Josephson junction, have mostly been focused on using the AlOx tunnel barrier. Here, we demonstrate Josephson junctions and superconducting qubits employing two-dimensional materials as the tunnel barrier. We batch-fabricate and design the critical Josephson current of these devices via layer-by-layer stacking N layers of MoS2 on the large scale. Based on such junctions, MoS2 transmon qubits are engineered and characterized in a bulk superconducting microwave resonator for the first time. Our work allows Josephson junctions to access the diverse material properties of two-dimensional materials that include a wide range of electrical and magnetic properties, which can be used to study the effects of different material properties in superconducting qubits and to engineer novel quantum circuit elements in the future.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.9b03886.

    • Detailed description of the barrier-first method; (39,40) methods for cross-sectional STEM; setup for DC and microwave measurement in dilution fridge; SEM image of the airbridge; remarks on sample preparation for cross-sectional STEM; SNS to SIS crossover between 2L- and 3L-MoS2 Josephson junctions; remarks on the resistance of Al/MoS2/Al junctions; estimating T2* of MoS2 qubits (PDF)

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    This article is cited by 28 publications.

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