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Anchoring Ceria Nanoparticles on Reduced Graphene Oxide and Their Electronic Transport Properties

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† ‡ ⊥ Nanoscience Technology Center, Department of Physics, §Advanced Materials Processing Analysis Center, Department of Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering, and School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida, United States
(S.I.K.) Phone: 407-882-2844. Fax: 407-882-2819. E-mail: [email protected]. (S.S.) Phone: 407-823-5277. Fax 407-882-2819. E-mail: [email protected]
Cite this: J. Phys. Chem. C 2011, 115, 50, 24494–24500
Publication Date (Web):November 7, 2011
Copyright © 2011 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract Image

    We report a simple scheme of anchoring crystalline ceria nanoparticles (CNPs) onto reduced graphene oxide (RGO) sheets. Two types of CNPs, consisting of predominantly either Ce3+ or Ce4+ valence states, were mixed with GO suspended in water, with simultaneous reduction using hydrazine to yield CNP/RGO composite. Structural and surface characterizations reveal a strong electrostatic interaction between the CNPs and the RGO. Electrical characterizations show that with increased oxygen vacancies from Ce4+ to Ce3+ states the predominantly ambipolar RGO transforms to n-type CNP/RGO composites due to the electrostatic interaction between the localized electrons in oxygen vacancy sites of CNPs and mobile holes in RGO.

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    (1) Ce 3d spectra of XPS for as-synthesized CNPs, (2) deconvolution of Ce 3d peaks for CNP/RGO composites, (3) I–V characteristics of CNP2/RGO composites in air and vacuum, (4) SEM images of CNP/RGO composites, and (5) quantitative information of Raman spectra results for RGO and RGO composites. This material is available free of charge via the Internet at

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